Positivism as a Theory of Science
In this chapter an attempt is made to indicate the major tenets of the positivist view of the scientific process. It is suggested that the positions of Auguste Comte and Karl Popper provide a satisfactory elucidation of the arguments of this methodological perspective. The positions of Comte and Popper respectively are thus spelled out in detail during the course of this chapter. In the next chapter it will be shown how the types of arguments as advanced by Comte and Popper are expressed in theoretical literature concerning the correct practice of sociological research. It will also be shown how many sociologists draw on these types of arguments when justifying their researches.
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