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Regulation of Ion Channels and Neurotransmitter Release by Protein Kinase C

  • P. Jeffrey Conn
Chapter

Abstract

It has long been established that activation of neurotransmitter receptors can induce transient changes in the electrical properties of effector neurons that last on the order of milliseconds. Such short-lived changes, known as post-synaptic potentials, can be inhibitory or excitatory and result from changes ia the conductances of ligand-regulated ion channels such as the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) or GABAA receptor chloride channel. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that brief activation of neurotransmitter receptors can also induce more prolonged changes in neuronal function that last minutes, hours, or even days or months. Such long-lasting changes in neuronal function play a critical role in regulating animal behaviour and can include changes in a cell’s electrical properties or changes in important cellular processes such as neurotransmitter synthesis or release. Generally, responses that persist after the neurotransmitter has been activated are brought about by formation of second messengers within the cell. The best-known example of a second messenger is adenosine-3′,3′-monophosphate (cyclic AMP).

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Jeffrey Conn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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