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Neutrality Under Pressure, 1970–81

  • Risto E. J. Penttilä

Abstract

The 1970s was a peculiar decade for the development of Finland’s international position. On the one hand, Finland’s attempts to be accepted as a neutral state received ample recognition in the West. For example, the hosting of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Helsinki in 1975 was widely interpreted as the culmination of Finland’s post-war policy of neutrality. This interpretation was encouraged by leading Finnish politicians who took every opportunity to emphasise the importance of Finland’s neutrality in the European security system.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Military Expenditure Social Democrat Defence Force Social Democratic Party 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    See, for example, Bo Peterson, ‘From avoiding the subject to outright criticism: Soviet commentators and the vexing case of Finnish neutrality’, Nordic Journal of Soviet and East European Studies 4: 1, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Bartenev & Komissarov, Tridcatület dobrososedstva. Moscow, 1976, p. 106, cited in Petersson, ‘From avoiding the subject…’, p. 53.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Yuri Komissarov, ‘Problems of Peace and Security in Northern Europe’, International Affairs (Moscow), 1985b/7, p. 64.Google Scholar
  4. 18.
    Katarina Brodin, ‘Qua vadis, Finlandia’, Internationella Studier, 4/1973. A year later Brodin followed up her thesis by publishing a book called Hot och Försvar (Threat and Defence).Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    Gustav Hägglund and Hannu Särkiö, Mitä tapahtuu jos…, Helsinki 1975.Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    Yuri Komissarov, ‘Naton eurostrategia ja Pohjois-Eurooppa’, Suomen Kuvalehti, 1979/47.Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    Åke Sparring, “Kekkonenplanen och SALT III”, Internationella Studier, 1979.Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    For example, Gustav Hägglund, ‘Eurorobot osannolik finländskt luftrum’, Hufvudstadsbladet 22 February 1981. Ermei Kanninen, Puolustuskykymme uusien haasteiden edessä’ in Juhani Suomi (ed.), Näkökulmia Suomen turvallisuuspolitiikkaan 1980-luvulla.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    See Pertti Joenniemi, Risteilyohiukset ja Suomenturvallisuuspolitiikka, Tampere 1984, pp. 40–8.Google Scholar
  10. 27.
    Max Jakobson, ‘Joku pelkaää, että myohästymme seuraavasta sodasta’, Uusi Suomi, 15 March 1981. Much of the debate was carried out in the pages of Uusi Suomi. See also Erik Appel, ‘Debatt om försvarsbetänkandet: har biständstroskeln sänks?’, Hufvudstadsbladet, 17 April 1981.Google Scholar
  11. 31.
    See, for example, Joseph Kruzel, ‘New challenges for Swedish security policy’, Survival, November/December 1988, p. 535.Google Scholar
  12. 34.
    See Cars, Skoglund & Zetterberg, Svensk Försvarsoolitik under Efterkrigstiden, Stockholm 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Risto E. J. Penttilä 1991

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  • Risto E. J. Penttilä

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