Neutrality Under Pressure, 1970–81

  • Risto E. J. Penttilä


The 1970s was a peculiar decade for the development of Finland’s international position. On the one hand, Finland’s attempts to be accepted as a neutral state received ample recognition in the West. For example, the hosting of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Helsinki in 1975 was widely interpreted as the culmination of Finland’s post-war policy of neutrality. This interpretation was encouraged by leading Finnish politicians who took every opportunity to emphasise the importance of Finland’s neutrality in the European security system.


Foreign Policy Military Expenditure Social Democrat Defence Force Social Democratic Party 
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© Risto E. J. Penttilä 1991

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  • Risto E. J. Penttilä

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