Labour Redeployment: Trends and Institutions

  • Silvana Malle
Part of the Studies in Russian and East European History and Society book series (SREEHS)

Abstract

Branch and territorial labour shortages and excess labour suggest that the dynamic efficiency of the economy could be improved by labour redistribution. In principle, planners have the means to reallocate labour using wage differences and other material incentives. However, large-scale labour movements also involve the redistribution of investments in the non-productive sphere at the territorial level and extra benefits in kind, since the consumer goods market is also characterised by shortages. These balancing exercises may be time-consuming, expensive and, in the end, ineffective if people (for non-economic reasons, such as cultural background) do not respond to planned inducements. Small changes are less costly from any point of view, but they need a flexible environment which the centralised economy does not provide.

Keywords

Migration Europe Income Petrol Omic 

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Notes to Chapter 2: Labour Redeployment; Trends and Institutions

  1. 3.
    See E.I. Ruzavina, Zaniatosf v usloviiakh intensifikatsii proizvodstva (Moskva: Statistika, 1975) pp. 62–3, 66, 72–3, 76–7.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    In the mid-1970s organised migration encompassed only 10–12 per cent of labour flows, see L. L. Rybakovskii, Migratsiia naseleniia: prognosy, faktory, politika (Moskva: Nauka 1987) p. 75. See also Travo na poluchenie raboty’ (round table), Voprosy ekonomiki, 1989, no. 2, p. 26.Google Scholar
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  11. a number of other studies have shown the importance of the second economy in relation to total income, see, for instance, V. G. Treml, ‘Income from Private Services Recognized by Official Soviet Statistics’, in Studies on the Soviet Second Economy, Berkeley-Duke Occasional Papers, Paper no. 11, December 1987, pp. 9–17Google Scholar
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  22. 105.
    Enterprises do not refrain from dismissing inefficient workers if they become a burden to production. Thus, 57 per cent of the violations of labour discipline are punished by dismissals for absenteeism (progul) and 6–10 per cent by transfer to worse paid jobs, see V. M. Lebedev, ‘Vospitanie v trudovykh kollektivov’, Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo (1988) no. 6, p. 126. Cf. also J. N. Hazard, Managing Change in the USSR — The Political-Legal Role of the Soviet Jurist (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983) p. 83, for a more apologetic view on Soviet labour than my own.Google Scholar
  23. 111.
    See Sovetskoe zakonodatel’stvo o trude (Moskva: Profizdat, 1984) cf. pp. 42–7 with p. 48. See also A. I. Statzeva and O. S. Khoriakova, Trudovoi dogovor (Moskva: Iuridicheskaia Literatura, 1983) p. 68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Silvana Malle 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvana Malle
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VeronaItaly

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