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Chemical Behaviour of Chitin and Chitosan

  • George A. F. Roberts
Chapter

Abstract

The dissociation constant Kb, of an amine group is obtained from the equilibrium
$$\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} { - N{H_2} + {H_2}O \rightleftharpoons - \mathop N\limits^ + {H_3}\, + \,O{H^ - }} \\ {\therefore {K_b} = \frac{{\left[ { - \mathop N\limits^ + {H_3}} \right]\left[ {O{H^ - }} \right]}}{{\left[ { - N{H_2}} \right]}}\;and\;p{K_b} = - \log {K_b}} \end{array}$$
while the dissociation constant of the conjugate acid is obtained from the equilibrium
$$\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} { - \mathop N\limits^ + {H_3}\,\, + \,{H_2}O \rightleftharpoons - N{H_2} + {H_3}\mathop O\limits^ + } \\ {\therefore {K_a} = \frac{{\left[ { - N{H_2}} \right]\left[ {{H_3}\mathop O\limits^ + } \right]}}{{\left[ { - N{H_3}} \right]}}\;and\;p{K_b} = - \log {K_a}} \end{array}$$

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Copyright information

© George A.F. Roberts 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. F. Roberts
    • 1
  1. 1.Nottingham PolytechnicUK

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