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The American Naval Leaders’ Preparations for War

  • Paolo E. Coletta
Part of the Studies in Military and Strategic History book series (SMSH)

Abstract

For the period from August 1914 to April 1917, this chapter will center upon four topics: Woodrow Wilson’s policies towards the Great War and their effects upon the Navy; changes in Navy Department organization and on the national defense level; the contrasting approaches to preparedness by the top naval leaders of the period, Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske, Aide for Operations to 11 May 1915, and of the first Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral William S. Benson; and an evaluation of the status of the Navy in August 1914 and in April 1917.

Keywords

Service Leader General Staff Merchant Ship Naval Officer Appropriation Bill 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Josephus Daniels, Diary, 16 January 1915, Josephus Daniels Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (hereafter MDLC); among others, Woodrow Wilson to the Secretary of the Treasury, William G. McAdoo, 8 March 1915, Woodrow Wilson Papers, MDLC; Josephus Daniels, The Wilson Era: Years of Peace, 1910–1917 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944)Google Scholar
  2. Paolo E. Coletta, Admiral Bradley A. Fiske and the American Navy (Lawrence: The Regents Press of Kansas, 1979), pp. 117Google Scholar
  3. Arthur S. Link, Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era, 1910–1917 (New York: Harper, 1954), pp. 145 n9.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Bradley A. Fiske, From Midshipman to Rear-Admiral (New York: Century, 1919), pp. 513–15.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Coletta, Fiske, Chapters 7 and 16, and ‘Bradley A. Fiske: Naval Inventor’, in Richard von Doenhoff (ed.), Versatile Guardian: Research in Naval History (Washington: Howard University Press, 1979), pp. 87–98.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Among other accounts, see that in Paolo E. Coletta, P. N. L. Bellinger and U.S. Naval Aviation (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1987), pp. 76–9.Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    Paolo E. Coletta, French Ensor Chadwick: Scholarly Warrior (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1980), pp. 155–9.Google Scholar
  8. 21.
    Ray Stannard Baker, Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters, 8 vols (New York: Doubleday Page and Doubleday Doran, 1927–39), 6Google Scholar
  9. Charles Seymour (ed.), The Intimate Papers of Colonel House, 4 vols (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1926–28), 1.Google Scholar
  10. 41.
    Albert Gleaves, Diary, Albert Gleaves papers, MDLC; Ernest J. King and Walter Muir Whitehill, Fleet Admiral King: A Naval Record (New York: W. W. Norton, 1952), p. 103Google Scholar
  11. Mary Klachko with David Trask, Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1987), pp. 32–3Google Scholar
  12. David F. Trask, ‘William Shepherd Benson, 11 May 1915–25 September 1919’, in Robert William Love, Jr. (ed.), The Chiefs of Naval Operations (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1980), pp. 3.Google Scholar
  13. 45.
    Paolo E. Coletta, William Jennings Bryan, II: Progressive Politician and Moral Statesman, 1909–1915 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1969)Google Scholar
  14. Arthur S. Link, Wilson: Confusion and Crises, 1915–1916 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1964), pp. 165–289.Google Scholar
  15. 47.
    US Congress, House, Committee on Naval Affairs. Hearings before the Committee on Naval Affairs, House of Representatives, Sixty-fourth Congress, First Session, on Estimates Submitted by the Secretary of the Navy, 3 vols (Washington: GPO, 1916), 1:356–402, 943–7, 2282–2418; 2:602–60; 3:3136–56; Matthew Josephson, Edison (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959), pp. 446–55Google Scholar
  16. Lloyd N. Scott, Naval Consulting Board of the United States (Washington: GPO, 1920).Google Scholar
  17. 53.
    Ibid., 25 December 1915; Daniels, Diary, 27 February, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 18, 19 March, 2, 7 April 1917; ARSN, 1916, pp. 4–5, 11, 75–6; Arthur S. Link, Wilson: Campaigns for Progressivism and Peace, 1916–1917 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1965), pp. 588–93.Google Scholar
  18. 60.
    Josephus Daniels, The Wilson Era: Years of War and After, 1917–1923 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1946), p. 39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Military Studies Institute of Texas A & M University 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo E. Coletta

There are no affiliations available

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