Black Africa pp 547-553 | Cite as


  • Donald George Morrison
  • Robert Cameron Mitchell
  • John Naber Paden


The ethnic classification selected for Mali is fairly inclusive. It is largely based on linguistic criteria, although cultural and identity factors strongly reinforce these criteria. The Fulani, Tuareg, and Songhai are identity groups. Within the Mande family, the Dyula are probably of Senufo origin. They have been placed with the Mandé (as was done in the Ivory Coast classification), however, for reasons of language and culture (Muslim). Mali also contains a small (1.6 percent) Moorish population. Other small groups in Mali are the Dogon (3 percent), Bobo (1 percent), and smaller numbers of Diawara, Bozo, Toucolor, Wolof, Mossi, Kagoro, Foulanke, and Dialonke. The droughts of the early 1970’s depleted the desert populations, especially the Tuaregs, but to an unknown degree.


Instability Event Language Pattern Major Ethnic Group Military Rule National Liberation 
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Copyright information

© Irvington Publishers, Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald George Morrison
    • 1
  • Robert Cameron Mitchell
    • 2
  • John Naber Paden
    • 3
  1. 1.Harvard University Office of Information TechnologyUSA
  2. 2.Northwestern UniversityUSA
  3. 3.George Mason UniversityUSA

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