The Intelligentsia in War and Revolution

  • Christopher Read


The conditions under which the intelligentsia had been formed and matured were not immune from the upheavals of war and revolution. On the contrary, between 1914 and 1921 its life was as thoroughly restructured as any other aspect of Russian society. In addition to the long-term influences examined in the previous chapter, shorter-term, but extremely intensive and influential, pressures were brought to bear on it.


Income Assimilation Sorting Defend Toll 


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  1. 128.
    Vserossiisskii Soiuz Inzhenerov, Otchet o zaniiatiiakh 2-i Moskovskoi oblastnoi konferentsii 18–21 oktiabria 1918 g. (Moscow 1918) p. 12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© C. J. Read 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Read
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WarwickUK

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