Total War and the Civilian Population, 1917–18

  • P. J. Flood


The prolongation of hostilities into a third and fourth winter naturally entailed an intensification of local economic activity. ‘Grenoble’, wrote Chastenet in February 1917, ‘has become a veritable industrial centre thanks to the tremendous efforts of our industrialists, merchants and workers.’1 By January 1917 there were ninety-three factories in the Isère working full time on direct munitions production (not counting sub-contractors), employing a total of 13 517 people. By mid-1918 the number of private and State-owned munitions establishments had increased to 157.2


Civilian Population Labour Shortage Price Rise Industrial Town Local Economic Activity 
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Copyright information

© P. J. Flood 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Flood
    • 1
  1. 1.Truro SchoolUK

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