Lionel Robbins and James Meade both served as economists in Whitehall during the Second World War. They joined the Central Economic Information Service in the summer of 1940. Robbins, Professor of Economics at the London School of Economics since 1929, had been in Cambridge, where the School had been evacuated on the outbreak of war. Meade had just made his way with his wife and three children across falling France from Geneva, where he had been working for the Economic Intelligence Service of the League of Nations since 1937. Previously, Meade had been Fellow and Lecturer in Economics at Hertford College, Oxford. Robbins also had an Oxford connection: he had been Lecturer (1924–5) and Fellow and Lecturer (1927–9) in Economics at New College. Meade had attended his lectures. A few months after Robbins and Meade joined the Central Economic Information Service, it was split into the Central Statistical Office and the Economic Section, of which Robbins became Director in September 1941. Meade succeeded him as Director at the end of the war, officially taking over on 1 January 1946 when Robbins returned to LSE. Meade followed Robbins to the School, as Professor of Commerce with special reference to international trade, when he resigned from government service in 1947. Meade later became Professor of Political Economy at Cambridge (1957–67).


International Monetary Fund Employment Policy Commercial Policy International Monetary System United Nations Conference 
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  1. 1.
    See S. Howson (ed.), The Collected Papers of James Meade, vol. I (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988) chapter 14.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Howson, ‘Economists as Policy-Makers: Editing the Papers of James Meade, Lionel Robbins and the Economic Advisory Council’, in D. E. Moggridge (ed.), Editing Modern Economists (New York: AMS Press, 1988) pp. 144–6. See alsoGoogle Scholar
  3. Lord Robbins, Autobiography of an Economist (London: Macmillan, 1971) chapters VIII and IX.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    See S. Howson (ed.), The Collected Papers of James Meade, vol. III, (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988) chapter 3.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    See The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes (hereafter JMK), E. Johnson and D. E. Moggridge (eds) (London: Macmillan, 1971–89), vols XXV and XXVI, andGoogle Scholar
  6. L. S. Pressneil, External Economic Policy Since the War, Vol. I: The Post-War Financial Settlement (London: HMSO, 1987).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See J. Keith Horsefield, The International Monetary Fund 1945–1965, vol. I (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1969) chapters 1 and 2.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    On the talks and their outcome, see Pressnell, External Economic Policy Since the War, vol. I, chapter 5 and appendix 13; Horsefield, The International Monetary Fund, vol. I, chapter 3, and vol. III, pp. 128–35; JMK, vol. XXV, pp. 338–442 and appendix 4; and Richard N. Gardner, Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy (London: Oxford University Press, 1956) pp. 103–12.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Other primary souces on the loan negotiations have been published in JMK, vol. XXIV, chapter 4; and R. Bullen and M. E. Pelly (eds), Documents on British Policy Overseas, Series I, vol. III, Britain and America: Negotiation of the United States Loan, 3 August–7 December 1945 (London: HMSO, 1987).Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Howson
  • Donald Moggridge

There are no affiliations available

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