The Czechoslovak Economic Reform of the 1960s

  • Jiří Kosta


In the first half of the 1960s, especially during the crisis years 1962 to 1964 (see Appendix Table),2 the neo-Stalinist leaders of the Czechoslovak Communist Party felt impelled by the deterioration of the economy to question the advice of textbook economists who had been preaching the benefits of socialism without considering the specific problems of their own country. Novotný and his colleagues were at last prepared to seek an escape from the impasse by considering solutions that radical critics of existing practices were putting forward. Their voices were being heard in research institutes and other bodies dealing with economic theory and practice, above all in the Economic Institute of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, headed from early 1962 by Professor Ota Šik.


Trade Union Foreign Trade Wholesale Prex Enterprise Level Reform Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Select Bibliography

  1. Aganbegyan, A., Perestroika. Le double défi soviétique (Paris, 1987).Google Scholar
  2. Bauer, T., ‘The Hungarian Alternative to Soviet-type Planning’, Journal of Comparative Economies (September 1983) pp. 304–16.Google Scholar
  3. Brus, W., Ogólne problemy funkcjonowania gospodarki socjalisticznej [General Problems of Working of Socialist Economy] (Warsaw, 1961).Google Scholar
  4. Gorbachev, M., Perestroika [Reconstruction] (New York, 1987).Google Scholar
  5. Hensel, K. P., Die sozialistische Marktwirtschaft in der Tschechoslowakei (Stuttgart, 1968).Google Scholar
  6. Horvat, B., Die jugoslawische Gesellschaft (Frankfurt a.M., 1972).Google Scholar
  7. Kosta, J., Abriss der sozialökonomischen Entwicklung der Tschechoslowakei 1945–1977 (Frankfurt a.M., 1978).Google Scholar
  8. Kosta, J., History and Concept of the Czechoslovak Economic Reform, working study for the research project ‘The Experience of the Prague Spring 1968’, directed by Z. Mlynář, Vienna.Google Scholar
  9. Kosta, J., Wirtschaftssysteme des realen Sozialismus. Probleme und Alternativen (Köln, 1984).Google Scholar
  10. Kusín, V. V., Political Grouping in the Czechoslovak Reform Movement (London, 1972).Google Scholar
  11. Mencinger, J., ‘The Crisis and the Reform of the Yugoslav Economic System in the Eighties’, in Gey, P. et al. (eds), Crisis and Reform of Socialist Economies (Boulder-London, 1987).Google Scholar
  12. Richta, R., Civilisation at the Crossroads (Prague, 1969).Google Scholar
  13. Selucký, R., Reformmodell CSSR. Entwurf einer sozialistischen Marktwirtschaft oder Gefahr für die Volksdemokratie? (Hamburg, 1969).Google Scholar
  14. Šik, O., Ekonomika, zájmy, politika [Economies, Interests, Politics] (Prague, 1962).Google Scholar
  15. Šik, O., Plan and Market under Socialism (London, 1967).Google Scholar
  16. Statistické ročenky/přehledy ČSSR (Czechoslovak Statistical Yearbooks/Reviews).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© British Broadcasting Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Kosta

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations