Windscale 1957 pp 136-153 | Cite as

Appraisals and Reappraisals

  • Lorna Arnold


The Windscale piles have been closed down for over 30 years and questions about the exact cause of the accident may seem academic; however, its health impact is still very much a live issue, and several assessments of it — from zero upwards — have been made (see Appendix X). Variations over the years are due, as we shall see, to three factors: recognition of pathways to human beings previously discounted; revised estimates of the quantity and composition of the radioactive emissions from the damaged reactor; and — most importantly — changing assumptions about the relationship between dose and effect at low levels of radiation.


Thyroid Cancer Fission Product Uranium Oxide Nuclear Accident Nuclear Weapon Test 
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Notes and References

  1. 14.
    N. G. Stewart and R. N. Crooks, ‘Long-range travel of radioactive cloud from the accident at Windscale’, Nature, Lond., LXXXII, 4636 (September 6, 1958) pp. 627–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 15.
    Joh. Blok, R. H. Dekker and C. J. H. Lock ‘Increased atmospheric radioactivity in the Netherlands after the Windscale accident’, Applied Scientific Research, 7 (1958), pp. 150–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 19.
    R. H. Clarke, ‘An analysis of the 1957 Windscale accident using the WEERIE code’, Annals of Nuclear Science and Engineering, 1 (1974), pp. 73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 20.
    K. F. Baverstock and J. Vennart, ‘Emergency reference levels for reactor accidents: a re-examination of the Windscale reactor accident’, Health Physics, Vol. 30 (1976), pp. 339–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 29.
    A. C. Chamberlain, ‘Environmental impact of particles emitted from Windscale piles 1954–7’, AERE R 12163, April 1986 (information submitted to COMARE). The Science of the Total Environment, 63 (1987), pp. 139–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 31.
    M. J. Gardner, A. J. Hall, S. Downes and J. D. Terrell, ‘Result of case-control study of leukaemia and lymphoma among young people near Sellafield nuclear plant in West Cumbria’, British Medical Journal, 300 (17 February 1990), pp. 423–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorna Arnold

There are no affiliations available

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