The Reconstruction of the Buda Castle Hill after 1945

  • Erzsebet C. Harrach


In the Second World War the entire territory of Hungary was the scene of heavy fighting, and Budapest was in the front line from late December 1944 to mid‐February 1945. Twenty‐six per cent of all buildings in the city and 94 per cent of the industrial buildings were reduced to ruins, and all the bridges over the Danube were destroyed. The Castle Hill of Buda — which preserved something of its strategic importance even in the twentieth‐century warfare and thus was the Germans’ final stronghold — suffered greatly during the fighting. The group of buildings of the Royal Palace occupies the southern one‐third of the Castle Hill — the longish elevation lying on the western bank of the Danube — and the civil, or residential, quarter is situated on the northern two‐thirds. Both are surrounded by a continuous rampart system, most of which still exists. Its rebuilding is the subject of this essay (see Figure 10, p. 228).1


Ground Floor Roof Structure Historic Monument Residential District Historic Preservation 
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Copyright information

© Jeffry M. Diefendorf 1990

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  • Erzsebet C. Harrach

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