The Reconstruction of the Buda Castle Hill after 1945

  • Erzsebet C. Harrach

Abstract

In the Second World War the entire territory of Hungary was the scene of heavy fighting, and Budapest was in the front line from late December 1944 to mid‐February 1945. Twenty‐six per cent of all buildings in the city and 94 per cent of the industrial buildings were reduced to ruins, and all the bridges over the Danube were destroyed. The Castle Hill of Buda — which preserved something of its strategic importance even in the twentieth‐century warfare and thus was the Germans’ final stronghold — suffered greatly during the fighting. The group of buildings of the Royal Palace occupies the southern one‐third of the Castle Hill — the longish elevation lying on the western bank of the Danube — and the civil, or residential, quarter is situated on the northern two‐thirds. Both are surrounded by a continuous rampart system, most of which still exists. Its rebuilding is the subject of this essay (see Figure 10, p. 228).1

Keywords

Depression Europe Excavation 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    The author of this study took part, from the 1950s onward, in the restoration of the Castle Hill district, so many of her conclusions are based on her own notes and observations.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Laszlo Gerö, The Restoration of the Castle in Buda (Budapest, 1951) p. 54.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ibid., p. 76.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibid., p. 78.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Miháaly Zador, ‘Conference about the New Buildings of the Castle District in Buda’, Müemlékvédelem, 7, no. 1 (1963) pp. 9–10.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The 1949 Resolution of the Government is the first law about protection of monuments after the war.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Government Resolution 1045/1957/IV.25.Google Scholar
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    Miklós Horler, ‘A Block of Houses in the Castle District’, in Magyar Epitömuvészet, no. 2 (1967) pp. 2–9.Google Scholar
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    Architect: Zoltán Farkasdy.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Architect: Tamás Dragonits.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Horler, see note 8.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Architect: Irén Lipták.Google Scholar
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    Architect: György Jánossy.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Architect: Ferenc Bognár.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Architect: Zoltán Farkasdy.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Architect: Csaba Virágh.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Architect: Csaba Virágh.Google Scholar
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    Architect: Lóránt Radnai.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Architect: János Sedhnayr.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Architect: Meldina T. Papp.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Architect: Gyula Riedlmayer.Google Scholar
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    Architects: József Csemegi, Aurél Budai, József Király.Google Scholar
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    Architects: József Csemegi, Lász1ó Boros.Google Scholar
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    Károly Pereházi, ‘New Functions of Historic Buildings’, Müemlékvédelem, no. 3 (1967) pp. 166–72.Google Scholar
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    Architect: Lajos Meczner.Google Scholar
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    Architects: Lajos Meczner, Irén Lipták.Google Scholar
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    János Sedlmayr, ‘Restoration on the Site of Hilton Hotel Budapest’, Müemlékvédelem, no. 1 (1979) pp. 1–23.Google Scholar
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    Architect of the new parts: Béla Pinter.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Architect of the historic parts: János Sedhnayr.Google Scholar
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    Architect: Lász1ó Kékesi.Google Scholar
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    Gerö, see note 2.Google Scholar
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    ‘Buda Castle Palace’, Magyar Epitömüvészet, no. 5 (1976) pp. 14–19. Team of architects.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Jeffry M. Diefendorf 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erzsebet C. Harrach

There are no affiliations available

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