The Russians in Egypt: Key to the Arab World

  • Alexandre Bennigsen
  • Paul B. Henze
  • George K. Tanham
  • S. Enders Wimbush

Abstract

Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and India, the USSR’s direct southern neighbours, were major areas of concern from the early days of the Bolshevik revolution. The Arab world was distant and of only marginal interest. When the Soviets began developing an active Arab policy at the end of World War II, it was motivated by a determination to leap over the cordon sanitaire that the states immediately south of their border formed, for crude Soviet interference in both Turkey and Iran left both counties firmly on the side of the West in the wake of World War II, and the partition of India brought the bulk of Indian Muslims into Pakistan, a state based on religion. It was initially judged negatively by Moscow and dismissed as a neocolonial creation of the Western alliance.

Keywords

Economic Crisis Europe Petroleum Income Syria 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See Jaan Pennar, The USSR and the Arabs, the Ideological Dimension 1917–1972 (London: Hurst, 1973) pp. 28 ff.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    A. J. M. Craig, ‘Egyptian Students’, Middle East Journal, Summer 1953, pp. 293–9.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    See Paul B. Henze, ‘Getting a Grip on the Horn’, in Walter Z. Laqueur (ed.), The Pattern of Soviet Conduct in the Third World (New York: Praeger, 1983) pp. 150–86. Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    Mohamed Heikal, Autumn of Fury, the Assassination of Sadat (New York: Random House, 1983) p. 78.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Jillian Becker, The PLO ( New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1984 ) p. 4.Google Scholar
  6. 50.
    Alvin Z. Rubinstein, Red Star on the Nile. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977) p. 330.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Foreign Area Research Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Bennigsen
    • 1
  • Paul B. Henze
    • 2
  • George K. Tanham
    • 2
  • S. Enders Wimbush
    • 3
  1. 1.Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science SocialesCNRSParisFrance
  2. 2.RAND CorporationWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Radio LibertyGermany

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