The Russians in Egypt: Key to the Arab World
Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and India, the USSR’s direct southern neighbours, were major areas of concern from the early days of the Bolshevik revolution. The Arab world was distant and of only marginal interest. When the Soviets began developing an active Arab policy at the end of World War II, it was motivated by a determination to leap over the cordon sanitaire that the states immediately south of their border formed, for crude Soviet interference in both Turkey and Iran left both counties firmly on the side of the West in the wake of World War II, and the partition of India brought the bulk of Indian Muslims into Pakistan, a state based on religion. It was initially judged negatively by Moscow and dismissed as a neocolonial creation of the Western alliance.
KeywordsEconomic Crisis Europe Petroleum Income Syria
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