Advertisement

Introduction

  • Robert Wihtol
Chapter
  • 8 Downloads
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series

Abstract

Is it possible for a multilateral development bank,1 funded primarily by the developed market economies, to implement effectively a lending programme in the developing countries aimed not only at promoting economic growth but at alleviating poverty and raising living standards in rural areas? This was one of the principal challenges put to the multilateral banks in the early 1970s, as the development priorities of the international donor community shifted from the straightforward promotion of growth to policies and programmes aimed more directly at reducing poverty, narrowing income disparities and creating employment in developing countries. It is also a challenge to which the extensive literature assessing the role and performance of aid agencies suggests that these banks have been less than successful in responding.

Keywords

Rural Development Rural Poverty Rural Sector International Development Association Bank Staff 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 2.
    World Bank, The McNamara Years at the World Bank, Major Policy Addresses of Robert S. NcNamara 1968–1981 ( Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981 ), pp. 231–63.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    ADB, Rural Asia: Challenge and Opportunity ( New York: Praeger, 1977 ).Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    ADB, Agriculture in Asia, Its Performance and Prospects, the Role of ADB in its Development, A Bank Staff Working Paper, ( Revised March 1985 ), p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Mason E. S., and Asher R. E., The World Bank Since Bretton Woods ( Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Dell S., The Inter-American Development Bank, A Study in Development Financing ( New York: Praeger, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    White J., Regional Development Banks ( London: Overseas Development Institute, 1970 ).Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Syz J., International Development Banks ( New York: Oceana Publications, 1974 ).Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    Reid E., The Future of the World Bank ( Washington, D.C.: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, September 1965 ).Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Reid E., Strengthening the World Bank ( Chicago: The Adlai Stevenson Institute, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    Tendler J., Inside Foreign Aid ( Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    van de Laar A., The World Bank and the Poor ( The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, 1979 ).Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Ayres R. L., Banking on the Poor, The World Bank and World Poverty ( Cambridge and London: The MIT Press, 1984 ).Google Scholar
  13. 19.
    Bello W., Kinley D. and Elinson E., Development Debacle: The World Bank in the Philippines ( San Francisco: Institute for Food and Development Policy, 1982 ).Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    Payer C., The World Bank, A Critical Analysis ( New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1982 ).Google Scholar
  15. 21.
    Krishnamurti R., ADB — The Seeding Days ( Manila: ADB Printing Section, 1977 ).Google Scholar
  16. 22.
    Huang P.-W. Jr., The Asian Development Bank, Diplomacy and Development in Asia ( New York: Vantage Press, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  17. 25.
    Tsao J. H., ‘The Asian Development Bank as a Political System’ ( University of Oklahoma: Ph.D. dissertation, 1974 ).Google Scholar
  18. 27.
    Yasutomo D. T., Japan and the Asian Development Bank ( New York: Praeger, 1983 ).Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Hirschman A., Development Projects Observed ( Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1967 ).Google Scholar
  20. 41.
    Payer C., ‘Researching the World Bank’, in Torrie J. (ed.), Banking on Poverty, The Global Impact of the IMF and the World Bank ( Toronto: Between the Lines, 1983 ) pp. 80–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert Wihtol 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Wihtol

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations