The Non-state Sector

  • Dharam Ghai
  • Cristóbal Kay
  • Peter Peek
Part of the The Macmillan Series of ILO Studies book series (ILOSTS)


During the 1960s, while agriculture became increasingly polarised between the state farm and the individual private farm, little official interest was shown in establishing a middle ground. The revolutionary takeover had prompted several thousand peasant farmers to collectivise on their own initiative. But without official encouragement or special support their number had steadily dwindled, so that by the time production cooperatives received official blessing as a ‘socialist form of agriculture’ in the mid-1970s, only forty-three remained.


Sugar Cane State Farm General Assembly Labour Shortage Management Board 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Comité Estatal de Estadísticas, Cuba: Desarrollo económico y social durante el período 1958–1980 (Havana, 1981) p. 63.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. I. Domínguez, Cuba: Order and revolution (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978) p. 459.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O. Gómez, De la finca individual a la cooperativa agropecuaria (Havana, Editora Politica, 1983) p. 66.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Departamento de Orientación Revolucionaria de Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba, Sobre la cuestión agraria y las relaciones con el campesinado: tesis y resolución (Havana, 1976) pp. 44–6.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Adelfo Martín, La ANAP: 20 Anos de Trabajo (Havana: n.p., 1982) p. 115–24.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Rodríguez, CPA: 100 Preguntas y Respuestas (Havana: Editora Politica, 1983) pp. 76, 78.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Banco Nacional de Cuba, El crédito bancario en apoyo al desarrollo rural cooperativo (Havana, 1981) p. 2.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    República de Cuba, Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular, ‘Ley No. 36, ley de cooperativas agropecuarias’, Gaceta Oficial, No. 63, 24 August 1982.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ANAP, Estatutos modelos de las cooperativas de producción agropecuaria (CPA), (Havana, 1980).Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    I. Rojas, M. Ravenet and J. Hernandez, ‘La reforma agraria y el desarrollo rural en Cuba’, Economia y Desarrollo (Havana) no. 83, 1984, pp. 147–8.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    P. Peek, From peasant to collective farmer: Cuba’s third agrarian reform (Geneva: ILO, mimeographed, 1986) p. 19.Google Scholar
  12. 21.
    Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba: Sobre la cuestiôn agraria y las relaciones con el campesinado (Havana, 1976) p. 51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Labour Organisation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharam Ghai
    • 1
  • Cristóbal Kay
    • 2
  • Peter Peek
    • 3
  1. 1.Employment and Development DepartmentInternational Labour OfficeSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Political EconomyUniversity of GlasgowUK
  3. 3.Rural Employment Policies BranchInternational Labour OfficeSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations