The Iberian Countries in the EEC—Risks and Changes for Their Manufacturing Industries

  • Juergen B. Donges
  • Klaus Werner Schatz


After more than eight years of complex and often contentious negotiations, the European Community (EEC), reached, in March 1985, an agreement with Portugal and Spain about their adhesion to the Common Market. Membership became effective on January 1, 1986. From which time onwards the existing mutual tariff and non-tariff barriers are gradually being removed. Thus the Iberian manufacturing industries hold the prospect of getting new outlets for their exports, but also face a rise of import competition which may call for considerable structural adjustment.


Foreign Direct Investment Comparative Advantage Employment Change Manufacture Export Revealed Comparative Advantage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balassa, Bela (1983), Economic Policies in Portugal, Economia, Vol.7 (1), pp.111–134.Google Scholar
  2. Casado, Antonio et al. (1982), Factores determinantes de la exportación española, Papeles de Economía Española, No.11, pp.256–285.Google Scholar
  3. Donges, Juergen B. (1976), The Economic Integration of Spain with the EEC, in: A.Shlaim and G.N.Yannopoulos (eds.), The EEC and the Mediterranean Countries. Cambridge: University Press, pp.217–241.Google Scholar
  4. Donges, J.B. (1984), La insuficiencia de productividad en la economía española: Causas y remedios, in: J.Linz (Ed.), España — Un presente para el futuro, Vol.1. Madrid: Institute de Estudios Económicos, pp.97–124.Google Scholar
  5. Donges, J.B. and Schatz, Klaus Werner (1980), Muster der industriellen Arbeitsteilung im Rahmen einer erweiterten Europäischen Gemeinschaft, Die Weltwirtschaft, No.1, pp.160–186.Google Scholar
  6. Donges et al. (1982), The Second Enlargement of the European Community — Adjustment Requirements and Challenges for Policy Reform. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (for the Kiel Institute of World Economics).Google Scholar
  7. Feitor, Renato et al. (1982), A indústria portuguesa face à adesão à CEE: Impacto e perspectivas. Lisboa: Ministerio da Indústria e Energia.Google Scholar
  8. Lopes Porto , Manuel Carlos, (1982), Estructura e politica alfandegárias — O caso português. Coimbra: Universidade de Coimbra.Google Scholar
  9. Melo, Francesco and Mones, Maria Antonia (1982), La integración de España en el Mercado Común — Un estudio de protección arancelaria efectiva. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Económicos.Google Scholar
  10. Molero Zayas, Jose and Buesa Bianco, Mikel (1985), Las relaciones económicos entre España y Portugal. Madrid: Universidad Complutense, mimeographed.Google Scholar
  11. Moura Roque, Fatima (1983), Trade Theory and the Portuguese Pattern of Trade, Economia, Vol.7 (3), pp.455–469.Google Scholar
  12. Puente, Fernando de la (1980), Ventajas comparativas en el comercio exterior español: Perspectivas del futuro, Economía Industrial, No. 197, pp.71–89.Google Scholar
  13. Puig i Bastard, Pere et al. (1979), La industria española ante la CEE. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Económicos (for ESADE).Google Scholar
  14. Rato, Helena (1984), Trends and Outlook for Trade Relations between Portugal and Spain, in: Chr. Deubner, G. Clausse and M. Noelke (Eds.), Economic Relations between Spain and Portugal in a Twelve-Nation European Community. Brussels: European Research Associates, pp.67–138.Google Scholar
  15. Romao, António et al. (1985), As Relacões Portugal-Espanha: Espesializacão e adesão à CEE. 2o Relatório. Lisboa: CISÉP, mimeographed.Google Scholar
  16. Silva Ferreira, António da (1979), Une evaluation des échanges entre la Portugal et la CEE, Economia, Vol.3 (1), pp.37–61.Google Scholar
  17. Silva Lopes, José da (1985), Despesas e déficit do sector público. Paper presented at the Conferência sobre Políticas de Desenvolvimento Económico e Social, held in Lisbon, February 21–22. Lisboa: Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Graduate School of European and International Studies 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juergen B. Donges
  • Klaus Werner Schatz

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations