Ukrainian Society in the 1930s

  • Bohdan Krawchenko
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan series book series

Abstract

Far-reaching changes in Ukrainian society occurred during the 1930s. Urbanisation, industrialisation, and the expansion of education transformed the social structure of the Ukrainian nation. With Ukrainians emerging as a majority in all the categories indicating social mobilisation, it seemed that the social preconditions for national consolidation had been laid. But the entry of the Ukrainian nation into modernity was accompanied by the unleashing of terror on a mass scale during which millions died and the nation’s cultural and political elite was eliminated. Ukrainisation was abandoned and Russian supremacy was imposed. A totalitarian regime was established under which the state and its apparatus of repression destroyed all semblance of civil society. The most appropriate question we can ask concerning the 1930s is: what of the Ukrainian nation survived that decade?

Keywords

Migration Depression Europe Transportation Income 

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Notes and References

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Copyright information

© Bohdan Krawchenko 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bohdan Krawchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Canadian Institute of Ukrainian StudiesUniversity of AlbertaCanada

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