The Other Global Powers: France, Spain, Russia/the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan
The last two chapters have described the winners in the 500-year struggle for naval predominance and political-military ascendancy in the global system. In the present chapter, the focus shifts to the ‘also-ran’ competitors for global power — France, Spain, Russia/the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan — who lost or — at least in the case of the Soviet Union — who have yet to win their struggles with the world powers. We shall consider in order of ‘seniority’ defined as ‘years in global status’ between 1494 and 1983: France (451); Spain (315); Russia/the USSR (232); Germany (75); and Japan (75). As in Chapter 8, the emphasis will be placed on generating brief synopses of national naval developments as a prelude to the provision of more detailed information on each global power’s annual number of capital warships.
KeywordsGlobal Power Coastal Defence Country Data Merchant Ship Decisive Victory
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