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The Other Global Powers: France, Spain, Russia/the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan

  • George Modelski
  • William R. Thompson

Abstract

The last two chapters have described the winners in the 500-year struggle for naval predominance and political-military ascendancy in the global system. In the present chapter, the focus shifts to the ‘also-ran’ competitors for global power — France, Spain, Russia/the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan — who lost or — at least in the case of the Soviet Union — who have yet to win their struggles with the world powers. We shall consider in order of ‘seniority’ defined as ‘years in global status’ between 1494 and 1983: France (451); Spain (315); Russia/the USSR (232); Germany (75); and Japan (75). As in Chapter 8, the emphasis will be placed on generating brief synopses of national naval developments as a prelude to the provision of more detailed information on each global power’s annual number of capital warships.

Keywords

Global Power Coastal Defence Country Data Merchant Ship Decisive Victory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© George Modelski and William R. Thompson 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Modelski
    • 1
  • William R. Thompson
    • 2
  1. 1.University of WashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Claremont Graduate SchoolUSA

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