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France, Australia and New Zealand

  • Robert Aldrich

Abstract

France did not follow up on its initial explorations of the Australian coast and missed the chance to establish colonies in Australia in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Lack of colonies, however, did not prohibit Frenchmen from migrating to the English colonies on the continent, nor stop the growth of trade relations. Two particular developments of the nineteenth century sparked interest in Australia. By the second decade, merino sheep were raised in the country; after the 1850s, the Australian colonies became the world’s major producers of wool and sheepskins. In 1851, gold was discovered in New South Wales and Victoria, and a gold rush followed. A number of French adventurers were among those who swarmed into the Australian gold fields. By the middle of the century, French interests in Australia were great enough for Paris to appoint consuls in Sydney and Melbourne.1

Keywords

Foreign Affair Shipping Line Gold Rush Australian Wool Australian Export 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    For an overview, A. M. Nisbet and Maurice Blackman (eds), The French-Australian Cultural Connection (Sydney, 1984).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anny P. L. Stuer, The French in Australia (Canberra,z 1982).Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Alan Barnard, The Australian Wool Market, 1840–1900 (Melbourne, 1958).Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    On the centenary of its establishment in Australia, the BNP published a portfolio of maps, illustrations and commentary, Early French Voyages to Australia (Sydney, 1981).Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    On the last point, see Margaret Kerr, ‘The Teaching of French Literature at the University of Sydney, 1887 to 1955’ (MA thesis, Monash University, 1972).Google Scholar
  6. 23.
    Keith Sinclair, A History of New Zealand (Harmondsworth, 1959), p. 70.Google Scholar
  7. 26.
    Emile de Harven, La Nouvelle-Zélande (Anvers, 1883), p. 98, andGoogle Scholar
  8. Rapport Général: Mission commerciale en Nouvelle-Zélande (Brussels, 1887), pp. 280–3.Google Scholar
  9. 29.
    Henry D. Baker, New Zealand: The Resources, Industries, and Trade (Washington, 1912), p. 29.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    Angus Ross, New Zealand Aspirations in the Pacific in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, 1964).Google Scholar
  11. 54.
    Clem Lack, ‘The Problem of the French Escapees from New Caledonia’, The Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland 5 (1955).Google Scholar
  12. 59.
    See Roger C. Thompson, Australian Imperialism in the Pacific (Melbourne, 1980), andGoogle Scholar
  13. Xavier Pons, Le Géant du Pacifique (Paris, 1988).Google Scholar
  14. 84.
    De Coubertin’s article in Le Figaro was reprinted in the Courrier Australien, 2 April 1904; Eugene Metin, Socialisme sans doctrines (Paris, 1902) described Australia as a workers’ paradise.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert Aldrich 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Aldrich
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SydneyAustralia

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