The Scramble for Africa
The ‘scramble for Africa’ is a metaphor applied by historians to the period of very rapid annexation of the African continent by the European Powers in the last two decades of the nineteenth century. It is a much debated historical process upon which strong opinions and diverse views are held. The scramble was indeed a truly remarkable episode representing, perhaps, the most rapid period of imperial expansion in history and the pinnacle of European power and self-confidence; yet hardly more than twenty years later Europe suffered the disastrous calamity of World War I followed shortly by World War II. These two global conflicts were to precipitate the European powers into an equally rapid period of decolonisation.
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