Far Eastern Crisis and the End of the Ten Year Rule

  • G. A. H. Gordon
Part of the Studies in Military and Strategic History book series (SMSH)


In Manchuria on 18 September 1931 while Britain, preoccupied with the economic crisis, was recovering from the shock of the naval mutiny and about to face the abandonment of the Gold Standard, Japan’s Kwantung Army opened ‘a new chapter of violence’ in international affairs.1


Military Expenditure Military Occupation Defence Hypothesis Home Terminal Defence Planning 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    G. T. Davis, A Navy Second to None (Connecticut, 1940/1971) p. 351.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Capt M. D. Kennedy, The Estrangement of Great Britain and Japan 1917- 1935 (1969) p. 173.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Referred to in 254th CID, 2 December 1931, CAB 2/5.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Hancock and M. Gowing, British War Economy (1949) p. 63.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CID paper 1082-B, 23 February 1932.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cabinet meeting, 23 March 1932 (19) 32, CAB 23/70.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lord Chatfield, It Might Happen Again (1947) p. 78.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davis, A Navy Second to None, p. 356.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. W. Roskill, Naval Policy Between the Wars (1976) vol. II, p. 144.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chatfield, It Might Happen Again, p. 78.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hancock and Gowing, British War Economy, p. 63.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. P. Shay, British Rearmament in the 1930s (Princeton, 1977) p. 18.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ibid, p. 71.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    The First Lord, quoted in Roskill, Naval Policy, vol. II, p. 146.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Director of Torpedoes and Mining, 1918–20; Third Sea Lord and Controller, 1920–3; Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, 1925–8; C-in-C Mediterranean, 1928–30; First Sea Lord, 1930–3.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    From Roskill, Naval Policy, vol. II, p. 150 and Board Memo ‘A New Standard of Naval Strength’, April 1937, para. 9, ADM 1/9081.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© G. A. H. Gordon 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. H. Gordon

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