The Use of Indicators and Measures of the R & D Process in Evaluating Science and Technology Programmes
In the past decade there has been an increase in the demands imposed on R & D performing units and organizations, in both industry and government, to evaluate the contribution of R & D to longer-term organizational goals. Decisionmakers in the R & D units and in other parts of the organization are aware of the complexity of the R & D process and of the inadequacy of routine evaluation methods when transposed to the R & D innovation area.
KeywordsFlow Model Technical Field Downstream Flow Output Indicator Technical Area
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