Despite the fact that the origins of communist order are rather different in the Soviet Union and Poland, the similarities of their politico-economic structures are striking. Even though Soviet communism originated from a revolution, it was an élitist revolt, lacking support from any socialist proletarian movement. Just like the earlier tsarist rule and the subsequent Stalinist terror, the Bolshevik revolution came from above. In Poland, on the other hand, there was neither a grass-roots socialist movement nor a revolution. The imposition of communism was achieved by a masterful Soviet deception, backed by the Red Army tanks and the reluctant, but nevertheless fateful, consent of the greatest world leaders.


Criminal Justice System Communist Country Economic Crime Slave Labour Criminal Opportunity 
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Copyright information

© Maria Łoś 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Łoś
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OttawaCanada

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