Advertisement

The Third Moment — The Form of Finality

  • Mary A. McCloskey
Chapter
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

In the Third Moment Kant gradually develops the notion of that which, were there to be such a thing, would justify those claims to the agreement of others which he has argued to be implicit in the judgements we make concerning the beautiful. He calls it the Form of Finality. He does not, however, think of it as a single ‘form’. The name is not to be taken as a proper name as in Plato’s Form of the Good. It is a shorthand description of a kind of form.

Keywords

Aesthetic Experience Cognitive Faculty Perceptual Form Aesthetic Judgement Perceptual Knowledge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 45; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §3, p. 206, lines 26–36.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 148; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §39, p. 291, lines 23–8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 51–2; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §7, p. 212, lines 16–17, p. 207, line 12.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 70; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §15, p. 228, lines 1–11.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See Chapter 4, p. 27.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 66–7; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §14, p. 224, lines 8–37.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jack D. Flamm, Matisse on Art (London, 1973), p. 37 (from Notes of a Painter 1908).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Paton, The Moral Law, p. 95; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 4, p. 428, lines 7–11.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Meredith, Teleological Judgement, p. 13; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §63, p. 367, lines 11–23.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meredith, Teleological Judgement, p. 7; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §62, p. 362, lines 6–15.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meredith, Teleological Judgement, p. 18; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §64, p. 370, line 35-p. 371, line 6.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Meredith, Teleological Judgement, p. 13; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §63, p. 367, lines 3–10.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Paton, The Moral Law, pp. 95–6; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 4, p. 427, line 19-p.429, line 13.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    For a discussion of the possible meaning of this expression see Mary A. McCloskey, ‘Kant’s Kingdom of Ends’, Philosophy, vol. 51 (1976) pp. 391–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 80 (footnote); Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §17, p. 236 (footnote).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 49; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §5, p. 210, lines 6–11.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Paton, The Moral Law, p. 95; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 4, p. 428, lines 7–11.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Paton, The Moral Law, pp. 95–6; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 4, p. 428, lines 14–17.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 119; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §29, p. 267, lines 30–7.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 56; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §8, p. 215, line 35-p. 216, line 4.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 71; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §15, p. 228, lines 27–31.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 83–4; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §21, p. 238, line 19-p. 239, line 2.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 88; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 242, lines 18–20.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 88; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 242, lines 16–18.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 88–9; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 243, lines 4–19.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 85–9; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 240, line 20-p. 244, line 2.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 88; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 242, line 34-p. 243, line 2.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 86–7; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §22, p. 241, lines 18–24.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 72, 89; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §16, p. 229, line 18; §22, p. 243, lines 12–24.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 139–40; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §33, p. 284, line 5-p. 285, line 2.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 140; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §33, p. 284, lines 32–3.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 139; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §33, p. 284, lines 9–11.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 137; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §32, p. 282, lines 21–3.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 137; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §32, p. 282, lines 27–30.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 139; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §32, p. 283, lines 28–32.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 141 (my emphasis); Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §34, p. 286, lines 3–11.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 174 (my emphasis); Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §48, p. 312, lines 31–5.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p.72. Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §16, p. 229, lines 10–17.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Thomas Aquinas, St, Summa Theologica, literally translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province, 1st American edn (3 vols, New York, 1947), Part I, Qn 5, Article 4, vol. I, p. 26. Or A good thing is also in fact a beautiful thing, for both epithets have the same basis in reality, namely, the possession of form; and this is why the good is esteemed beautiful. Good and beautiful are not however synonymous. For good (being what all things desire) has to do properly with desire and so involves the idea of end (since desire is a kind of movement towards something). Beauty, on the other hand, has to do with knowledge, and we call a thing beautiful when it pleases the eye of the beholder. This is why beauty is a matter of right proportion, for the senses delight in rightly proportioned things as similar to themselves, the sense-faculty being a sort of proportion itself like all other knowing faculties. Now since knowing proceeds by imaging, and images have to do with form, beauty properly involves the notion of form. (Thomas Aquinas, Saint, Summa Theologiae, Latin and English (60 vols, London, 1969 onwards), vol. n, 1a. 5, 4, p. 73.)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Aquinas, Summa Theologica, 1st American edn, Part n (first part), Qn 27, Article 1, vol. I, p. 707. Or ‘Good’ and ‘beautiful’ have the same reference but differ in meaning. For the good, being ‘What all things want’, is that in which the orexis comes to rest, whereas the beautiful is that in which the orexis comes to rest through contemplation or knowledge. (Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Latin and English, vol. XIX, 1a, 2ae, 27, 2, p. 77.)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Thomas Aquinas, St, Commentary on the Metaphysics of Aristotle translated by John P. Rowan (2 vols, Chicago, 1961) vol. I, Commentary §764, pp. 305–6.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ibid., Commentary §771, p. 307.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ibid., Commentary §781, p. 311.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    My emphasis. W. D. Ross, Aristotle, 5th edn (London, 1953) p. 74.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein, The 1914–16 Notebooks, p.77e, entry dated 24.7.16.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 73; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §16, p. 230, lines 14–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mary A. McCloskey 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary A. McCloskey

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations