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Kant’s Methodology and Presuppositions

  • Mary A. McCloskey
Chapter
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Abstract

It is obvious from a brief account of the central discussions of the Critique of Judgement that Kant’s analysis of aesthetic judgement centres squarely upon his analysis of what it is for something, be it natural object, humble artefact or work of fine art, to be beautiful; and reference to pleasure is an essential part of that analysis.

Keywords

Natural Object Perceptual Form Aesthetic Judgement Aesthetic Appreciation Aesthetic Pleasure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp.55, 72, 80 (footnote); Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §8, p. 215, lines 15–22; §16, p. 229, lines 18–21; §17, p. 236 (footnote).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 72, 217; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §16, p. 229, lines 24–8; §58, p. 347, line 28-p. 348, line 2.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 219; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §58, p. 349, lines 15–19.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 73; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §16, p. 230, line 6.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 187; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §51, p. 323, lines 8–14.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 187; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §51, p. 322, line 37-p. 324, line 12.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 52, 139; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §7, p. 212, lines 24–9; §33, p. 284, lines 5–7.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 188; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §51, p. 324, line 13-p. 325, line 21.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 121–2; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §29, p. 270, lines 7–15.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 105; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §26, p. 256, line 28-p. 257, line 5.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 121; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §29, p. 269, lines 12–22.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 99; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §26, p. 252, lines 10–13.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 100; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §26, p. 252, lines 20–2.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 179 (footnote); Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §49, p. 316, lines 31–7.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wollheim, Art and Its Objects, section 42, p. 83.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ibid., section 43, p. 86.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ibid., section 42, p. 84.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
    Ibid., p. 83.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ibid., p. 85.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ibid., section 43, p. 85.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ibid., p. 86.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ibid., p. 88.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 167; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §45, p. 306, line 27.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 175–82; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §49, p. 313, line 2-p. 319, line 10.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 172; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §48, p. 311. lines 9–13.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    William Morris, The Haystack in the Flood.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Goodman, Languages of Art, p. 255.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Goodman does not use the Gruenewald example but it is a stock in trade example used by philosophers who mount arguments concerned with ‘the problem of the ugly’.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 174–5; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §48. p. 312, line 28-p. 313, line 5.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    I. A. Richards, The Philosophy of Rhetoric (New York, 1965, originally published 1936) p. 96.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, p. 49; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §5, p. 210, lines 6–9.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    See Chapter 4.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Goodman, Languages of Art, p. 243.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R. G. Collingwood, The Principles of Art, ch. v.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Monroe Beardsley, Aesthetics: Problems in the Philosophy of Criticism (New York, 1958) pp. 524–43.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Goodman, Languages of Art, pp. 242–3.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gilbert Ryle: The Concept of Mind (London, 1949), ch. IV (6);Google Scholar
  39. Dilemmas (London, 1954), IV;Google Scholar
  40. Collected Essays (London, 1971) vol. 2, 25.Google Scholar
  41. Terence Penelhum, ‘The Logic of Pleasure’, Essays in Philosophical Psychology, ed. Donald F. Gustafson (London, Melbourne, 1967) pp. 227–47.Google Scholar
  42. Mary A. McCloskey, ‘Pleasure’, Mind, vol. LXXX, No. 320 (1971) pp. 542–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 39.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 215–6; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §58, p. 346, lines 32–5.Google Scholar
  44. 40.
    See, for example, R. W. Beardsome, Art and Morality (London, 1971) pp. 46–50.Google Scholar
  45. 41.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp.172, 175, 179–80; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, §48, p. 311, lines 6–13; §49. p. 313, line 21-p. 314, line 1; p. 316, line 19-p. 319, line 10.Google Scholar
  46. 42.
    Clive Bell, Art (London, 1914) pp. 49–50.Google Scholar
  47. 43.
    Roger Fry, Transformations (London, 1926) ch. 1.Google Scholar
  48. 44.
    William Hogarth, The Analysis of Beauty, Plates 1 and 2.Google Scholar
  49. 45.
    Meredith, Aesthetic Judgement, pp. 33–9; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 5, Einleitung vm, p. 192, line 13-p. 198. See also Immanuel Kant, translated by Walter Cerf, Analytic of the Beautiful from the Critique of Judgement with excerpts from Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (Indianapolis, New York, 1963) p. 65; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 7, §67, p. 240, line 26-p. 241, line 5.Google Scholar
  50. 46.
    H. J. Paton, The Moral Law, or Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (London, 1948) p. 95; Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, vol. 4, p. 428, lines 7–11.Google Scholar

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© Mary A. McCloskey 1987

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  • Mary A. McCloskey

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