The Problems of the Railways

  • Michael R. Bonavia


In financial terms the railways in 1948 were providing 77 per cent of the BTC’s gross receipts and were obviously the key to the position of the whole business. In physical terms, both the railway infrastructure and the rolling stock were suffering acutely from maintenance deferred, not merely during the war years, but since then also by a Labour government looking to nationalisation as a panacea for almost every economic ailment.


Private Owner Rolling Stock Rail Transport Steam Locomotive Railway Company 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    BTC S43-7-1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Keith W. C. Grand was educated at Rugby and joined the GWR in 1919 at Park Royal goods station. In 1922 he was transferred to the General Manager’s office and in 1926 went to New York as General Agent for the GWR in the USA and Canada. In 1929 he returned to become Assistant Publicity Agent; in 1932 he was Commercial Advertising and Publicity Agent, and in 1932 General Assistant to the Superintendent of the Line. After a brief spell as Divisional Superintendent, Swansea, he returned to Paddington as Assistant to the General Manager in 1937, becoming Principal Assistant in 1939 and Assistant General Manager in 1941. He died in 1983.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    John Blumenfeld Elliot was the son of R. D. Blumenfeld, Editor of the ‘Daily Express’. He was educated at Marlborough and Sandhurst, joining the Hussars with which he saw service in the 1914–18 war. He became Assistant Editor of the ‘Evening Standard’ but joined the Southern Railway in 1925 as Public Relations Assistant to the General Manager. In 1930 he became Development Assistant in the Traffic Department, in 1933 Assistant Traffic Manager, in 1937 Assistant General Manager, in 1939 Deputy General Manager and in 1947 Acting General Manager. He was knighted in 1953.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elliot, On and Off the Rails, p. 68.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thomas F. Cameron, born 1890, was educated at George Watson’s College and Edinburgh University. He joined the North Eastern Railway as a Traffic Apprentice in 1912. In 1926 he was Mineral Traffic Controller, Hull, LNER; in 1929 Docks Superintendent, Tyne Dock; in 1931 Assistant District Goods Manager, Newcastle-on-Tyne; in 1933 Assistant District Superintendent; in 1936 Assistant Divisional General Manager, York; in 1943 Assistant Chief General Manager, York; in 1943 Assistant Chief General Manager (Works and General). In 1943 he was made acting Divisional General Manager (Scottish Area) and confirmed in that post in 1946.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    BTC S26-2-2C.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    The most objective analysis is probably contained in J. Johnson and R. A. Long, British Railways Engineering, 1948–1980 (London, 1981) pp. 34–43.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael R. Bonavia 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. Bonavia

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