The MDB’s Organization, Structure and Programme1
This chapter will discuss three main questions: first, the manner in which the MDB set up its national organization and the functioning of the party structure; second, the nature of the MDB as an opposition front, that is the nature of the groupings within the party; and third, what the MDB defended, that is the basic issues of the party programme.
KeywordsPolitical Party Political Participation Executive Committee Party Leadership Political Parti
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- 3.Cf. Carlos Castello Branco, Os Militares no Poder (Rio de Janeiro, Editora Nova Fronteira, 1977), vol. 1, p. 383.Google Scholar
- 20.A more detailed account of the MDB selection of candidates in 1978 can be found in, Shiguenoli Miyamoto, ‘Eleiçoes de 1978 em São Paulo: A Campanha’, in Bolivar Lamounier (ed.) Voto de Desconfiança — Eleiçōes e Mudança Politica no Brasil, 1970–1979 (Petrbpolis: Vozes / CEBRAP, 1980).Google Scholar
- 22.On the characterization of factions, fractions and tendencies within a political party, see Giovanni Sartori, Parties and Party Systems (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1976), Chapter 4.Google Scholar
- 27.In fact, in the only place where the MDB had been in government at state level (Rio de Janeiro), a very structured clientelist machine was built by the governor Chagas Freitas who retained full control over the MDB in Rio de Janeiro. See Eli Diniz, Voto e Máquina Politica (Rio: Paz e Terra, 1982).Google Scholar
- There is a vast literature dealing with the question of clientelism in Brazil. Some works should be mentioned such as: Victor N. Leal, Coronelismo, Enxada e Voto, (Rio de Janeiro: Forense, 1949)Google Scholar
- Orlando M. de Carvalho, Ensaios de Sociologia Eleitoral (Belo Horizonte: Ediçōes da RBEP, 1958)Google Scholar
- Hélio Jaguaribe, ‘Politica de Clientela e Politica Ideoldgica’, Digesto Econômico, VI, no. 68, 1950Google Scholar
- Pedro F. Couto, O Voto e o Povo (Rio de Janeiro, Civ. Brasileira, 1966)Google Scholar
- Paul Cammack, ‘Clientelism and Militaty Government in Brazil’, in C. Clapham (ed.) Private Patronage and Public Power (London: Frances Pinter, 1982)Google Scholar
- Alain Rouquie, ‘Clientelist Control and Authoritarian Contexts’, in G. Hermet et al. (eds) Elections Without Choice (London: Macmillan, 1978).Google Scholar