The Question of Balkan Security

  • Branimir M. Janković


Events in the Balkans and the Near East during the First World War call for some mention of their place in the strategy of the belligerents. Although the Balkan states aligned themselves with different warring sides, they did not gain thereby the right to participate on an equal footing either in military planning or in the formulation of military objectives. Serbia is a good example, for it had to carry out military operations against the Central Powers, while fighting diplomatic battles against its own allies. Even in this new war, Serbia had to vindicate its independent policy and justify the aspirations of the Southern Slavs to unification.


International Relation Balkan Country European Security Western Power European Power 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    The Gallipoli expedition has been presented as a war episode. See Hans Herzfeld, Der Erste Weltkrieg (München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1968). Far more important are the strategical parallels in the study of the Balkan invasions.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Gerhard Schulz, Revolutionen und Friedensschlüsse 1917–20 (Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag: München 1967) pp. 48–61.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Josip Broz Tito referred to the question on several occasions. For example: ‘The unification of the Southern Slavs was bound to happen; it was the idea of the most progressive men in the lands describing themselves as belonging to the Southern Slavs.’ Josip Broz Tito, Nacionalno pitanje i revolucija (Sarajevo: Svjetlost, 1977) p. 107.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    D. Jankovic, Jugoslovensko pitanje i Krfska deklaracija 1917 godine (Beograd: Naucna knjiga, 1967) pp. 481–5.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    D. Jankovic B. Krizman, Gradja o stvaranju jugoslovenske države, vol. I (Beograd: 1964) pp. 113–14.Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    Vladimir Dedijer, Interesne sfere (Beograd: Prosveta 1980) pp. 147–8.Google Scholar
  7. 22.
    Balkan unity was understood as a means of maintaining peace in the Balkans, as seen from the titles of the books on the subject: T. I. Geshoff, Balkan Union: A Road to Peace in Southeastern Europe (New York, 1940);Google Scholar
  8. N. J. Padelford, Peace in the Balkans: The Movement toward International Organization in the Balkans (New York, 1935).Google Scholar
  9. Also see: R. J. Kerner and H. N. Howard, The Balkan Conferences and the Balkan Entente 1930–1935 (Berkeley, California, 1936).Google Scholar
  10. 27.
    The bilateral treaties were the beginning of the attempt at ‘neutrality’. See: J. B. Hoptner, ‘Yugoslavia as Neutralist: 1937’, Journal of Central European Affairs (July, 1956) XVI, 156–76.Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    I. S. Stavrianos, The Balkans since 1453, p. 755. Quoted as an example of the legal formulation of Yugoslavia’s accession to the Tripartite Pact, whose essence has been clarified in Yugoslav literature. See, for example: V. Dedijer, Interesne sfere (Beograd: Prosveta, 1980) pp. 185–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Branimir M. Janković 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Branimir M. Janković
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BelgradeSerbia

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