The Balkans from the Byzantine to the Modern Age
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On the fringes of the ancient world and its civilisations, and on the fringes of the European prehistorical tribal movements, the Balkans were simultaneously under the influence of the highly developed civilisations as well as of the indigenous populations and new tribal incursions. Its link with the Near East and the ancient world was both geographical and historical. The greatest successes in the study of the ancient world were achieved when it was taken to be a separate epoch having its own characteristics. Many social and political formations of the old world disappeared, leaving only vestiges of the great civilisations which succeeded one another and died. They were so disparate in character that no continuity can be established with the later historical developments in Europe and in the Balkans dating from the beginning of the Middle Ages.
KeywordsInternational Relation Austrian Emperor Balkan Country Sinai Peninsula European Power
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Notes and References
- 1.N. Jorga, ‘Balkan i Vizantijsko carstvo’, Knjiga o Balkanu, vol. II (Beograd: Balkanski Institut 1937) pp. 83–91.Google Scholar
- 3.J. Ancel, ‘Prirodni uslovi balkanskog jedinstva’, Knjiga o Balkanu, vol. I (Beograd: Balkanski Institut 1936) pp. 369–77.Google Scholar
- 4.Vladimir Corovic, Borba za nezavisnost Balkana (Beograd: Balkanski Institut 1937) pp. 182–3.Google Scholar
- 5.Edgar Hösch, Geschichte der Balkanländer (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer 1968) p. 92.Google Scholar
- 8.‘Self-styled’ Count Djordje Brankovic is a controversial historical figure. See: Ilarion Ruvarac, Odlomci o grofu Djordju Brankovicu i Arseniju Crnojevicu, patrijarhu, s tri izleta o takozvanoj velikoj seobi srpskog naroda (Beograd, 1896); M. R. Djordjevic, ‘Pogledi Vuka Karadžica na nacionalno-oslobodilacku borbu srpskog naroda i stvaranje srpske države’, Istorijsko-pravni zborník (Sarajevo: Právni fakultet, 1949).Google Scholar
- 9.Miroslav R. Djordjevic, Politicka istorija Srbije XIX i XX veka, vol. I (Beograd: Prosveta, 1956) p. 16.Google Scholar
- 13.Some writers draw distinction between the early, tolerant period of Turkish rule (‘imperial peace’) and the subsequent period of increased oppression. See: N. Jorga, ‘Osmanlije i balkanski narodi’, Knjiga o Balkanu, vol. II, p. 121; ‘Pax ottomanica’ is also discussed by I. S. Stavrianos, The Balkans since 1453 (New York, 1958).Google Scholar