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Abstract

Penang was the oldest of the British colonial bases in Malaya. The island had been ceded to the English East India Company by the Sultan of Kedah in 1786, with a formal treaty dated 1791. The treaty was a controversial one but this did not prevent Penang from becoming an important commercial centre, lying on the monsoon route between India and China and well-placed for a share in the coastal trade in the Malacca Straits. The chief port and town was George Town in the north-east of the island, but it became common practice later to use the name Penang equally for this town or in relation to the island as a whole. By a further treaty, dated 1800, the East India Company acquired Province Wellesley, a strip of mainland territory opposite the island and valued both for strategic reasons and as a rice-growing area for an expanding population.

Keywords

East India Company Defensive Position Survey Department Trunk Road English East India Company 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Joseph Kennedy 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Kennedy
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LiverpoolUK

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