Programming Models of Interregional Efficiency and Land Use in Agriculture

  • Earl O. Heady
  • Narindar S. Randhawa
  • Melvin D. Skold
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)

Abstract

Though it has not yet been applied widely for these uses, activity analysis is a promising aid for applications in agricultural policy and developmental planning. Programming models are especially well adapted to agriculture because of its spatial characteristics and its spread over the whole of nations. Also, the differential production and price functions which define comparative advantage of agriculture in various regions distinctly require empirical techniques which allow the consideration of many producing sectors, if attempt is made to define optimal allocations of production among regions, to specify preferred land-use patterns, or to express quantitative aspects of interregional competition. For policy and planning purposes, programming models are favoured because the goal ordinarily is one requiring changes in the regional origin of production and the general interregional mix of commodities produced. Regression and input-output models are hardly satisfactory in these analyses, as they can only suggest production patterns and commodity mixes which are tied closely to the past.

Keywords

Sugar Corn Transportation Income Assure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See also Randhawa, N. S., and Heady, E. O., ‘ Interregional programming models for land-use planning under agricultural development’, Journal of Farm Economics, vol. 46, no. 1, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    For details on other models, see Egbert, Alvin C., and Heady, Earl O., ‘ Regional adjustments in grain production, a linear programming analysis, USD A Tech. Bui.1241; Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Activity analysis in allocation of crops in agriculture’, in Manne and Markowitz (eds.), Studies in Process Analysis, pp. 161–214, Wiley, New York, 1963, Cowles Foundation Monograph 18;Google Scholar
  3. Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Programming regional adjustments in grain production to eliminate surpluses’, Journal of Farm Economics, vol. XLI, no. 4, 1959;Google Scholar
  4. Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Mathematical Programming of Regional Production Patterns’, forthcoming (mimeo, 1962).Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    For details on other models, see Egbert, Alvin C., and Heady, Earl O., ‘ Regional adjustments in grain production, a linear programming analysis, USD A Tech. Bui.1241; Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Activity analysis in allocation of crops in agriculture’, in Manne and Markowitz (eds.), Studies in Process Analysis, pp. 161–214, Wiley, New York, 1963, Cowles Foundation Monograph 18; Egbert, Alvin C., Heady, Earl O., and Brokken, Ray F., ‘Regional changes in grain production, an application of spatial programming’, CAEA Report 14T, Center for Agricultural and Economic Adjustment; Egbert, Alvin C., and Heady, Earl O., ‘Regional analysis of production adjustments in major field crops — historical and prospective (bulletin forthcoming);Google Scholar
  6. Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Programming regional adjustments in grain production to eliminate surpluses’, Journal of Farm Economics, vol. XLI, no. 4, 1959;Google Scholar
  7. Heady, Earl O., and Egbert, Alvin C., ‘Mathematical Programming of Regional Production Patterns’, forthcoming (mimeo, 1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Earl O. Heady
    • 1
  • Narindar S. Randhawa
    • 1
  • Melvin D. Skold
    • 1
  1. 1.Iowa State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations