Government Strategies for Easing Adjustment
GOVERNMENT intervention in the textile and clothing industries is by no means a recent phenomenon. Control over trade and trade routes was always among the first prerogatives claimed by fledgling nation states. As production of manufactures (of which textiles was a major component) gained in importance, the mercantilist states of seventeenth-century Europe combined control over trade with domestic incentives to promote industry and enhance national welfare, then measured primarily by the size of the surplus in the balance of trade.
KeywordsEuropean Community Industrial Policy Competition Policy Small Business Administration Import Penetration
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Notes and References
- 1.John Zysman and Laura Tyson (eds), American Industry in International Competition (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983) pp. 249–312.Google Scholar
- 79.J.T. Lambert, Clothing Industry Scheme: an Assessment of the Effects of Selective Assistance Under the Industry Act of 1982, Government Economic Service Working Paper No. 61 (London: Department of Trade and Industry, 1983).Google Scholar
- 86.For an assessment of this earlier programme, see Harold A. Bratt, ‘Assisting the Economic Recovery of Import-injured Firms’, Law and Policy in International Business, Washington, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1974, pp. 1–36;Google Scholar
- Charles Frank, Foreign Trade and Domestic Aid (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1977).Google Scholar
- 88.This and other data on the company TAA programme come from Harold W. Williams, ‘Trade Adjustment Assistance’, in Domestic Apparel Program (Washington: United States Department of Commerce, 1980).Google Scholar
- 89.The analysis that follows is based on Walter Corson, Walter Nicholson, David Richardson and Andrea Vayda, Survey of Trade Adjustment Assistance Recipients, Report prepared by Mathematica Policy Research (Washington: United States Department of Labor, 1979).Google Scholar
- 93.Van Tho, ‘Industrial Policy and the Textile Industry: the Japanese Experience’, Journal of Contemporary Business, Seattle, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1982, pp. 123–24.Google Scholar
- 94.Yoshie Yomezawa, Analysis and Evaluation of the Adjustment Process and Policies of the Japanese Textile Industry (Tokyo: Japan Economic Research Center, 1981). Yomazawa, op. cit., on the other hand, claims that the unique system for making these cuts (the weaver’s association in each district would submit a plan specifying optimal capacity for the area and then allocate plant expansion and scrapping quotas to its members on the basis of their ‘prospective competence’) resulted in 70 per cent of the planned figures being reached between 1967 and 1971 (p. 14).Google Scholar