The Crocodile Initiative



On 14 February 1984, four months before its second election, the European Parliament (EP) adopted a draft treaty establishing European Union. The EP was not merely contributing to the body of ideas which exist concerning the EC’s development; it was providing a constitutional blueprint accompanied by a plausible strategy for its ratification by member states. This blueprint was drafted and adopted by a large majority of nearly 60 national parties represented in the EP. Thus, during its first term of office, the EP had assumed a quasi-constituent role which it had not been assigned by the present treaties.


Member State Political Group European Parliament National Party Direct Election 
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  1. 11.
    G. Amendola, The Italian Communists and the European Elections, (Luxembourg: Communist Group secretariat, 1978) p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 20.
    A. Spinelli, ‘Towards European Union’, (Florence: EUI, 1983).Google Scholar
  3. 28.
    A. Spinelli, ‘Reflections on the Institutional Crisis in the European Community’, West European Politics, 1 (1978) p. 88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Juliet Lodge 1986

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