A Generalised Approach to Design and Layout of GT Machining Cells

  • B. V. Somasekhara
  • N. K. Mehta
  • P. C. Pandey


This paper deals with two aspects of group technology viz., cell formation and layout of cells. The approach to cell formation is based on workpiece statistics. Some of the workpiece parameters such as their technological features have similarity of occurrence in almost all metal cutting industries. Others could be obtained for the particular industry under consideration. An Interactive Computer program uses this statistical distribution of the parameters and calculates the ratio of different types of machine tools to be employed for machining a particular range of diameter of workpieces. This data along with the production requirements in the particular size range are further used to determine the number of machines of each type to be included in the cell. The cells have been laid out using a specially designed computer algorithm.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J.L.BURBIDGE(1971) Production flow analysis, Prodn. Engg., 50, p. 139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.S. CARRIE(1973) Numerical texonomy applied to group technology and plant layout, Int. Jl. of Prodn. Res., 11, p. 399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.R.KING(1979) Machine component group formation in group technology, 5th Int. Conf. on Prodn. Res., p.40Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.R.KING(1980) Machine component grouping in Production flow analysis, an approach using rank order clustering algorithm, Int. Jl. of Prodn. Res. 16, p. 213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McAULEY(1972) Machine grouping for efficient production, Prodn. Engr, 51, p. 53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. RAJAGOPALAN and J.L.BATRA(1975) Design of celluler production system; a graph theoretic approach, Int. Jl. of Prodn. Res. 13, p. 567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.DEBRUNE, Y. VENDEVILLE, and P. BEZIR (1977) Survey of mechanical parts manufactured in French Industries, Annals of CIRP, 25/1, p. 273Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. KOLOC (1969) The use of workpiece statistics to develop automatic programming for NC lathes, Int. Jl, of Mach. Tool Des. Res., 9, p. 65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    J. VYMER (1962) The standardization of technology in small lot production, Advances in Mach. Tool Des. Res., Procs of 3rd MTDR Conf., p. 269Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MANSOOR HUSSAIN and R. LEONARD (1975) The design of standard cells for group technology by the use of machine tool and workpiece statistics, 16th Int. Conf. on Mch. Tool Des. Res., Manchester, p. 75Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.H. MOORE (1971) Computer program evaluates plant layout alternative, Industrial a Engg. 3, p. 19Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. RATHMILL, P.J.SACKETT and T. LITTLE-FIELD (1981) The impelementation of NC plant in functional and cellular groupings, Proc. of the Institution of Engrs, 195, p. 18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. V. Somasekhara
    • 1
  • N. K. Mehta
    • 1
  • P. C. Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of RoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations