Reforming the Non-Proliferation System in the 1980s
Any attempt to strengthen or reform the existing nonproliferation system should start logically with an investigation of why the existing nuclear-weapon states developed and kept their weapons, and then consider how far the same motives are shared by current potential weapon states. All five nuclear-weapon states developed these weapons for national defence against a perceived and defined threat, and then refined their theory of defence into a theory of deterrence. In addition, Britain, France and China sought to obtain, or to retain, a greater status in the world than they would have enjoyed under the threat of a nuclear enemy or under the umbrella of a nuclear ally. Do these facts apply to the current potential weapon states?
KeywordsSecurity Council Nuclear Weapon Fast Breeder Reactor Political Persuasion Latin American State
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Notes and References
- 1.B. Goldschmidt and M. Kratzer, Peaceful Nuclear Relations: A Study of the Creation and the Erosion of Confidence ( New York: Rockefeller Foundation/The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1979 ).Google Scholar
- 2.This idea was suggested by T. T. Poulouse, in the Illustrated Weekly of India, 21 February 1982.Google Scholar