The Scale of the Problem

  • Kenneth Walsh


The dimensions of the LTU problem cannot be seen simply in terms of the basic measure used, the overall numbers who could be categorised as being unemployed for 12 months or more. The problem must also be examined in terms of the components of the LTU total as measured by such factors as age, gender, skill, ethnic group and location to basically see who are the sub-groups of the labour force most affected. There is no doubt that the LTU problem is not evenly dispersed throughout the labour force, and this applies to all the countries covered in this study, but the true and precise dimensions need to be delineated if policy measures are to have any hope of success.


Labour Market Labour Force International Perspective Unemployment Duration Duration Category 
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  1. 1.
    See for example, Warp, P., Jackson, P. and Banks, M., ‘Duration of unemployment and psychological well-being in young men and women’, (Current Psychological Research, vol. 2, 1982),Google Scholar
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    See such texts as Beveridge, W. H., Causes and Cures of Unemployment (London, Longmans, 1931).Google Scholar
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    See, for example, Scammell, W. M., The International Economy since 1945 (London: Macmillan, 1980) orCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    White, M., Long-term Unemployment and the Labour Market (London: Policy Studies Institute, 1983).Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    See Green, A. E., ‘Long-Term Unemployment in Local Labour Markets: Trends Through the Current Recession’, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies, Discussion Paper no. 51 (1983) for a useful discussion of the British perspective.Google Scholar
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    The incidence of unemployment amongst ethnic minorities is discussed in, for example, Smith, D. J., Unemployment and Racial Minorities (London: Policy Studies Institute, 1981) andGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Kenneth Walsh 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Walsh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Manpower StudiesUniversity of SussexUK

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