The Shipping Industry

  • A. D. Couper


Some 98 per cent of British exports and 99 per cent of imports, by weight, are carried by sea. Figures 6.1 and 6.2 show the quantities involved and the countries of origin and destination.1 Approximately 37 per cent of exports in 1980 were carried on ships under the UK flag, as were 31 per cent of imports. The actual percentage of flag distribution varied between trading areas. Figures 6.3 and 6.4 indicate this for 1980. In the case of exports UK flag ships carried 45 per cent of cargoes from the United Kingdom to the EEC, 51 per cent to Australasia and, for example, 37 per cent to South America. In the import trades 44 per cent of cargoes originating in the EEC were carried by UK flag ships, as were 48 per cent of cargoes from Australasia and 30 per cent from South America.2


Europe Shipping Income Liner Fishing 


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Notes and References

  1. 5.
    US Federal Maritime Commission, North Atlantic Trade Study, April 1979.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Totland, T. (1980) ‘Protectionism in International. Shipping Some Economics Effects’ in Maritime Policy and Management, vol. 7.Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Goss, R. O. (1984) Paper to be published in Maritime Policy and Management.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geoffrey Till 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Couper

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