The Technology Policy Frame

  • A. S. Bhalla


The rapid growth of employment through the state, collective and private enterprises envisaged by the Chinese planners will depend, inter alia, on the nature of the technology used and the product-mix. For example, it is estimated that in 1978 for every

million yuans’ investment in heavy industry, jobs can be provided for 94 persons, the same investment in light industry can generate jobs for 257 persons; in the garment trade, arts and crafts and metalware for daily use, and leather and leather products, as many as 800 persons can be employed.1

It is therefore appropriate to examine shifts in Chinese technology policy over time especially since the fall of the ‘Gang of Four’.


Economic Transition Heavy Industry Industrial Enterprise Cultural Revolution Technology Policy 
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  1. 1.
    Chu Xiangyin and Wang Shouchun, ‘The Problem of Developing Our Export of Labour-intensive Products’, International Trade Journal (Guoji Maoyi Wenti),(Winter 1981) no. 4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alexander Eckstein, China’s Economic Revolution (Cambridge University Press, 1977) pp. 152–8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shigeru Ishikawa, ‘A Note on the Choice of Technology in China’, Journal of Development Studies, vol. 9 (October 1972) no. 1.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Enkui, ‘A Discussion of Technological Economics (Tantan jishu jingji)’, HQ (1980) no. 7, pp. 11–13.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    Also see Erik Baark, ‘China’s Technological Economics’, Asian Survey, September 1981.Google Scholar
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    Maurice Dobb, An Essay on Economic Growth and Planning (London and New York: Modern Reader, 1960).Google Scholar
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    See William W. Hollister, ‘Trends in Capital Formation in Communist China’, in An Economic Profile of Mainland China, vol. 1, Studies prepared for the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States (Washington, D.C., February 1967).Google Scholar
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    Thomas G. Rawski, ‘Choice of Technology and Technological Innovation in China’s Economic Development’, in Robert F. Dernberger (ed.), China’s Development Experience in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980).Google Scholar
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    Genevieve C. Dean, Technology Policy and Industrialisation in the People’s Republic of China, IDRC. STPI, no. 4 (Ottawa, 1979), p. 39.Google Scholar
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    See Yang Jianbai and Li Xuezeng, ‘The Relations Between Agriculture, Light Industry and Heavy Industry in China’, Social Sciences in China, vol. I (June 1980) no. 2, p. 200.Google Scholar
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    See Daniel Chudnovsky and Masafumi Nagao, Capital Goods Production in the Third World — An Economic Study of Technology Acquisition (London. Frances Pinter, 1983), chapter on China.Google Scholar
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    Richard P. Suttmeier, Science, Technology and China’s Drive for Modernisation (Stanford University, California: Hoover International Studies, 1980) pp. 62–6.Google Scholar
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    See John N. Hawkins, ‘Rural Education and Technique Transformation in the People’s Republic of China’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change (1978) no. 2.Google Scholar
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    See Jon Sigurdson, Rural Industrialisation in China (Cambridge, Mass.: University Press, 1977) chapter 3.Google Scholar

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© A. S. Bhalla 1984

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  • A. S. Bhalla

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