• Nancy Lubin
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series (STANTS)


From Alexander the Great, to Chingis Khan, to Tamerlane, one tends to associate the importance of Central Asia with a romantic, dramatic past. Lying at the meeting-place of East and West, Central Asia was the location of spectacular economic, cultural and political achievements attained centuries ago. Agriculture was well advanced; trade was extensive; and great centres of education, art, architecture, poetry, religion and scientific thought developed and flourished. With the sixteenth century, however — as European merchants turned their attention towards the New World, and as oceans became a more important mode of transporting goods — Central Asia’s importance greatly declined. In the eyes of many, Central Asia remained stuck in its past, and slowly lost its glory, power and relevance as the rest of the world entered the modern age. For the past century, it seemed to lie not only on the geographical fringes of Russia and the USSR, but on the fringes of Russian and Soviet society as well. It was a living relic of a long-lost glory, for the most part ignoring, and ignored by the rest of the world.


Labour Force Labour Surplus Labour Situation Soviet Government Central Asian Region 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Between 1970 and 1979 the Uzbeks grew at an average annual rate of 3.43 per cent; the Turkmen, 3.22 per cent, the Kirgiz, 3.07 per cent and the Tadzhiks, 3.45 per cent. Ethnic Russians grew at an average rate of 0.7 per cent per year, and the Slavic populations as a whole, at 0.62 per cent per year. See S. Rapawy and G. Baldwin, ‘Demographic Trends in the Soviet Union: 1950–2000’, The Soviet Economy in the 1980s; Problems and Prospects. Selected Papers submitted to the Joint Economic Committee, US Congress, 31 December 1982, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1983, p. 279.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See, for example, J. P. Stern, ‘Soviet Natural Gas in the World Economy’. Discussion paper for the Association of American Geographers, Project on Soviet Natural Resources in the World Economy, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Washington, DC, no. 11, June 1979, esp. p. 7–9.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    C. Glynn, Gold 1979. Annual gold-market study conducted by Consolidated Gold Fields Ltd, London, June 1979, p. 49.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    See M. Rywkin, ‘Code Words and Catchwords of Brezhnev’s Nationality Policy’, Survey, Summer, 1979, pp. 83–90.Google Scholar
  5. A. Brown, ‘Political Developments, 1975–1977’, in The Soviet Union Since the Fall of Khrushchev, 2nd edn, A. Brown and M. Kaser (eds) (London: Macmillan, 2nd edn, 1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 7.
    See for example, A. Bennigsen, ‘Several Nations or One People?’ Survey, vol. 24, no. 3, Summer 1979, pp. 54–6.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Fozil Ergashev, ‘Problemy predotvrashcheniia vosproizvodstva religii sredi molodogo pokoleniia v usloviakh razvitogo sotsialisma’, dissertation submitted for the degree of Kandidat Nauk, Tashkent, 1975.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    F. W. Carpenter, W. K. Medlin and W. M. Cave. Educational Development in Central Asia (Leiden: Brill, 1971). (See Chapter 3 of this book).Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    For a more in-depth or comprehensive discussion of general developmental issues in Uzbekistan, see J. Gillula, ‘The Economic Interdependence of Soviet Republics’, The Soviet Economy in a Time of Change, Compendium of papers submitted to the Joint Economic Committee, US Congress, Washington, DC, 1979Google Scholar
  10. G. Schroeder, ‘Regional Differences in Income in the USSR’, Regional Development in the USSR, NATO Colloquium, 25–7 April 1979 (Newtonville, Massachusetts: Oriental Research Papers, 1979).Google Scholar
  11. 17.
    V. A. Osminin. Planirovanie v respublike (Tashkent: Uzbekistan, 1979) p. 8.Google Scholar
  12. 19.
    Murray Feshbach, ‘Trends in the Soviet Muslim Population — Demographic Aspects’, Soviet Economy in the 1980s: Problems and Prospects, Part 2, Selected Papers submitted to the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, December 31, 1983 (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1983) p. 299.Google Scholar
  13. 20.
    Walker Connor, ‘The Politics of Ethnonationalism’, Journal of International Affairs, vol. 27, no. 1, 1973, pp. 1–21.Google Scholar

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© Nancy Lubin 1984

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  • Nancy Lubin

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