The stereotypical view of the Soviet Union is that it is a society at work— in the workers’ state people labour and there is no play. From a distance the view is of a people who live grey lives in a ponderous, unrelentingly morose world with no time for laughter or real respite. When not working they hunt for food, and when not hunting for food they are beseiged with boring lectures and newspaper exhortations on the glories of fulfilling the current five year plan. Life is endless tedium. While there is more than a grain of truth in this picture, the portrait is more caricature than photographic realism. There is leisure in the workers’ state; not yet the workers’ paradise but time for play nevertheless.


Leisure Time Leisure Activity Free Time Small City City Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 3.
    The Soviets use the terms ‘iskliuchitel’nost’ i chrezvychainost’’ See L.A. Muksinova, Problemy Regulirovaniia Rabochego Vremenii v SSSR (Moscow, 1969) p. 198.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    A.A. Kliuev and A.V. Iarkho, Profaktivu o Kontrole za Rabochim Vremenem i Vremenem Otdykha (Moscow, 1975) p. 37.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    P.D. Vladimirovich, Sverkhurochnye Raboty. Rabota v Vykhodnye i Prazdnichnye Dni. Dezhurstva (Moscow, 1961) p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 22.
    The discussion on state agriculture is drawn from A.V. Iarkho, Sverkhurochnye Raboty. Rabota v Vykhodnye i Prazdnichnye Dni (Moscow, 1965) pp. 24–5 and Kliuev and Iarkho, pp. 104–5. The treatment of public catering and the fishing industry is from Iarkho, pp. 26–7 and 31.Google Scholar
  5. 23.
    G.A. Prudenskii, Problemy Rabochego i Vnerabochego Vremeni (Moscow, 1972) p. 304.Google Scholar
  6. 27.
    The discussion of PGS is taken from L. Ia. Gintsburg, Regulirovanie Rabochego Vremeni v SSSR (Moscow, 1966) pp. 285–9.Google Scholar
  7. 29.
    Kliuev and Iarkho, p. 41; Alec Nove, An Economic History of the USSR. (Penguin, 1969) p. 81.Google Scholar
  8. 30.
    Alec Nove, An Economic History of the USSR (Penguin, 1969) p. 81.Google Scholar
  9. 36.
    A.V. Netsenko, Sotsial’no—Ekonomicheskie Problemy Svobodnogo Vremeni Pri Sotsializme (Leningrad, 1975) p. 75.Google Scholar
  10. 42.
    Gregory Grossman, ‘The “Second Economy” of the USSR’, Problems of Communism, (September, 1977) pp. 25–40.Google Scholar
  11. Grossman, ‘Notes on the Illegal Private Economy and Corruption’, Soviet Economy in a Time of Change, 10 October 1979 (Joint Economic Committee, Washington, D.C.) pp. 834–55Google Scholar
  12. A. Katsenelinboigen, ‘Coloured Markets in the Soviet Union’, Soviet Studies, vol. xxix, no. 1 (January, 1977) pp. 62–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 47.
    For example, see Alec Nove, The Soviet Economy (Praeger, 1961) p. 160. 5 LEISUREGoogle Scholar
  14. 1.
    B. Grushin, Svobodnoe Vremia: Aktual’nye Problemy (Moscow, 1967) pp. 76–7.Google Scholar
  15. 2.
    G.M. Podorov, Rabochee i Svobodnee Vremia (Moscow, 1975) pp. 136–9.Google Scholar
  16. 3.
    V.A. Artemov et. al., Statistika Biudzhetov Vremeni Trudiashchikhsia (Moscow, 1967) p. 119.Google Scholar
  17. 4.
    G.T. Zhuravlev, ‘Svodobnoe Vremia i Kul’turnaia Zhizn’ Rabotnikov Promyshlennogo Predpriiatiia’, G.V. Osipov and la. Shchepan’skii (eds), Sotsial’nye Problemy Truda i Proizvodstva (Moscow, 1969) pp. 373–4.Google Scholar
  18. 5.
    Literaturnaia Gazeta, 9 April 1975, p. 13; L.A. Gordon, E.V. Klopov, and L.A. Onikov, Cherty Sotsialisticheskogo Obraza Zhizni: Byt Gorodskikh Rabochikh Vchera, Segodnia, Zavtra (Moscow, 1977) p. 95.Google Scholar
  19. 6.
    B.T. Kolpakova and V.D. Patrusheva (eds), Biudzhet Vremeni Gorodskogo Naseleniia (Moscow, 1971) p. 179.Google Scholar
  20. 7.
    G.E. Zborovskii and G.P. Orlov, Dosugi: Deistvitel’nost i Illuzii (Sverdlovsk, 1970) p. 21.Google Scholar
  21. 9.
    M.A. Gurevich, ‘Voprosy Organizatsii Svobodnogo Vremeni v Plane Sotsial’nogo Razvitiia Kollektiva’, Tezisy Dokladov Nauchno—Prakticheskoi KonferentsiiVnerabochee Vremia i Sotsial’noe Planirovanie” (Sverdlovsk, 1975) p. 109.Google Scholar
  22. 13.
    M.T. Iovchuk and L.N. Kogan (eds), Dukhovnyi Mir Sovetskogo Rabochego (Moscow, 1972) p. 334.Google Scholar
  23. V.N. Pimenova, Svobodnoe Vremia v Sotsialisticheskom Obshchestve. Moscow, 1974) p. 257.Google Scholar
  24. 17.
    G.P. Orlov, Svobodnoe Vremia Kak Sotsiologicheskaia Kategoriia (Sverdlovsk, 1973) p. 125.Google Scholar
  25. 19.
    For example, see Ekonomicheskaia Gazeta, no. 17 (1967) trans. in CD, vol. xix, no. 20, p. 12; Literaturnaia Gazeta, 21 June 1972, p. 12; A.I. Ivan’kov, ‘Biudzhet Vremeni Trudiashchikhsia i Plan Sotsial’nogo Razvitiia Predpriiatiia’, Sotsial’nye Problemy Novykh Gorodov Vostochnoi Sibiri, vol. 2 (Irkutsk, 1974) p. 87.Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    Iu. V. Arutiunian, Sotsial’aia Struktura Sel’skogo Naseleniia SSSR (Moscow, 1971) p. 63.Google Scholar
  27. 24.
    M.T. Iovchuk and A.S. Kulagin, ‘Nekotorye Aktual’nye Problemy Razvitiia Sotsialisticheskoi Kultury na Sele’, Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no. 4 (1975) p. 37.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    N.M. Blinov, ‘Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia Truda i Vospitaniia Sovetskoi Molodezhi 20-Kh Godov’, Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no. 1, 1975, p. 149.Google Scholar
  29. 32.
    A.G. Kharchev and S.I. Golod, Professional’naia Rabota Zhenshchin i Sem’ia, Leningrad, 1971, p. 108.Google Scholar
  30. 33.
    B.M. Firsov and K. Muzdybaev, ‘K Postroeniiu Systemy Pokazatelei Ispol’zovaniia Sredstv Massovoi Kommunikatsii’, Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia, no. 1, 1975, p. 115.Google Scholar
  31. 40.
    V.G. Baikova, A.S. Duchal and A.A. Zemtsov, Svobodnoe Vremia i Vsestoronnee Razvitie Lichnosti (Moscow 1965), pp. 88 and 90.Google Scholar
  32. 41.
    I.P. Trufanov, Problemy Byta Gorodskogo Naseleniia SSSR (Leningrad, 1973) p. 100.Google Scholar
  33. 48.
    A.G. Levitskaia, ‘Sotsial’nye Sfery Novogo Goroda’, Sotsial’nye Problemy Novykh Gorodov Vostochnoi Sibiri, vol. 2 (Irkutsk, 1974) p. 17.Google Scholar
  34. 56.
    Keith Bush, ‘Books in the Second Economy’ (Papers from the Conference on the Second Economy of the USSR, Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, January 1980).Google Scholar
  35. 57.
    L.I. Petrovicheva, Sovetskii Rabochii—Chitatel’ (Minsk, 1978) p. 81.Google Scholar
  36. 58.
    E.K. Vasil’eva, Sotsial’no—Professional’nyi Uroven’ Gorodskoi Molodezhi (Leningrad, 1973) p. 23.Google Scholar
  37. 64.
    G.I. Mel’nikov, V.N. Sudakov, ‘Nekotorye Voprosy Adaptatsii Molodykh Rabochikh’, Sotsial’nye Problemy Novykh Gorodov Vostochnoi Sibiri (Irkutsk, 1971) p. 63.Google Scholar
  38. 71.
    V.N. Kudriavtsev, Prichiny Pravonarushenii (Moscow, 1976) p. 170.Google Scholar
  39. 73.
    G.P. Orlov, Svobodnoe Vremia Kak Sotsiologicheskaia Kategoriia (Sverdlovsk, 1973) pp. 125 and 127.Google Scholar
  40. 76.
    G.E. Zborovskii and G.P. Orlov, Dosugi: Deisvitel’nost’ i Illuzii (Sverdlovsk, 1970) p. 233.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William Moskoff 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Moskoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economics and BusinessLake Forest CollegeIllinoisUSA

Personalised recommendations