Aviation Fuels from Alternative Sources



Since the earliest days of powered flight, aviation fuels have invariably been derived from petroleum, hence both the continuity of petroleum supply, and the subsequent availability of suitable alternative sources, are of concern for the long-range future of aviation itself. The events of 1973 and 1979 brought sharply into focus the finite extent of fossil fuels, together with the vulnerability of extraneous sources of supply. The fuel embargo of 1973 did, in fact, give rise to shortfalls in suitable crudes, and supplies of commercial aviation turbine fuels were maintained only by the adoption of temporary waivers, as discussed in chapter 8 which, in the event, showed no significant differences in combustion chamber liner temperatures or smoke formation1. These waivers were then seen to be incorporated in the subsequent specifications.


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11.5 References

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Copyright information

© Eric Goodger and Ray Vere 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cranfield Institute of TechnologyBedfordUK
  2. 2.Esso Petroleum Co. LtdUK

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