Family processes and parent involvement

  • Janet Carr


During the mid-1900s interest in the families of the mentally handicapped increased from “a trickle of armchair papers (to) almost a flood” (Wolfensberger, 1967) with most of the discussion on parent dynamics. By the 1970s the major studies focused on the handicapped child’s effect on the family while the first studies demonstrating parents’ capacities for helping their own children had begun to appear (Carr, 1974). In the ensuing decade the emphasis has shifted firmly towards these self-help programmes while studies of family functioning and of the effects of changing services have also been prominent.


Mental Retardation Down Syndrome Family Therapy Spina Bifida Handicapped Child 
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© The Royal Society of Medicine 1984

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  • Janet Carr

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