The Communist Party

  • Neill Nugent
  • David Lowe

Abstract

From the early 1920s, when it was Bolshevised, until the present day the PCF has continually displayed three central features. Each has closely interacted with the other and each has seen its nature, emphasis and relative importance vary in accordance with changing circumstances. Taken together the three have combined to make up what may be described as the enduring core of the Party.

Keywords

Europe Income Coherence Assure Sewage 

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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Interview in Le Nouvel Observateur, 6 Sept. 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
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  3. 3.
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    It is possible here to give only an outline of SMC and the PCF’s economic policies. For a more detailed resumé see D. Bell. ‘The Economic Policies of the French Communist Party’. Paper presented to the annual conference of the Political Studies Association, Apr. 1980. Of the many PCF sources the Champigny Manifesto is particularly important, because it marks the first full development of much of the Party’s current economic analysis.Google Scholar
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    This view of rapporteurs as ‘political persuaders’ is developed and illustrated by Denis Lacorne in his article ‘Left Wing Unity at the Grass Roots: Picardy and Languedoc’ in D. Blackmer and S. Tarrow, Communism in Italy and France (Princeton University Press, 1975) pp.315ff.Google Scholar
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    See, for example, Le Monde, 21–2 June 1978.Google Scholar
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    Only two years previously the PCF had published a booklet Coexistence pacifique et lutte de classe en 1975. This comprised the report of Jean Kanapa, the foreign policy spokesman to the Central Committee held on 14–15 Apr. 1975. In it he denounced ‘the instrument of security’ which, on the contrary was a menace to security. That this was so ‘justifies more than ever our wish that France renounces its nuclear arm, as the Common Programme of the Left wants’, p.38.Google Scholar
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  35. 32.
    The articles to provoke the most discussion, because they were amongst the first and because of the status and frankness of the authors were: J. Elleinstein, ‘Du XXlle congrès du PCF à l’échec de la gauche’, Le Monde, 13, 14, 15 Apr. 1978Google Scholar
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    See the report on local conferences in Le Monde, 25 Apr. 1979.Google Scholar
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    Figures of the independent Centre d’Etudes des Supports de Publicité. It should be said that these figures were falling rapidly in the late 1970s and by 1980 some estimates put the sales of L’Humanité at well less than 100,000 and those of L’Humanité Dimanche at around 250,000.Google Scholar
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    See, for example, La Vie du Parti, Mar. 1979.Google Scholar
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  53. 48.
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  54. 49.
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    J. Elleinstein, op. cit., pp.90–1.Google Scholar
  56. 51.
    L’Humanité, 14 May 1979.Google Scholar
  57. 52.
    J. Lagroye et al. Les Militants politiques dans trois partis français (Pedone, 1976) p.34.Google Scholar
  58. 53.
    L’Humanité, 28 Apr. 1979.Google Scholar
  59. 54.
    For a detailed breakdown of this and other characteristics of the delegates see Cahiers du Communisme, June-July 1979, pp.295–300.Google Scholar
  60. 55.
    For a complete regional analysis see J.R. Frears and J.L. Parodi, War Will Not Take Place (C. Hurst, 1979) p.74.Google Scholar
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    R. Tiersky, French Communism 1920–1972 (Columbia University Press, 1974) p.7.Google Scholar
  63. 58.
    Of Annie Kriegel’s many published works, see especially The French Communists op. cit; ‘Communism in France’ in T.J. Nossiter et al., Imagination and Precision in the Social Sciences (Faber & Faber, 1972).Google Scholar
  64. 59.
    G. Lavau, ‘Le Parti Communiste dans le système politique français’ in F. Bon et al., Le Communisme en France (Armand Colin, 1969) pp.7–81. For an ‘updating’ of his views on the subject see the interview with him in Duhamel, O. and Weber, E., op. cit.Google Scholar
  65. 60.
    For a socio-economic breakdown of voting in the presidential elections see the Sofres survey in Le Nouvel Observateur, 1–7 June 1981; for the parliamentary elections see Le Nouvel Observateur, 4–10 July 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Neill Nugent and David Lowe 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neill Nugent
    • 1
  • David Lowe
  1. 1.Manchester PolytechnicUK

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