Theoretical Writings on the Agrarian Question
At the Breslau congress the SPD, as it were, exchanged agitation on the land for theoretical work. Theoretical writings on the agrarian question flourished after the congress and they covered a wide range of issues; the tendencies of development in agriculture, the effect of foreign competition on domestic agriculture, and differences between industry and agriculture. But of these it was around the last issue that the controversy between the ‘revisionists’ and the ‘orthodox’ — though not very precise and revealing terms but nevertheless useful as short hand — was indirectly centred. Technical though the issue of ‘whether or not large farms are more efficient than small farms’ was, it acquired a political significance because of the association that it had to questions like ‘is the peasantry disappearing fast enough to make a pro-peasant posture redundant?’ We shall have a great deal to say about this issue in this chapter.
KeywordsSmall Farm Capitalist Economy Large Farm Natural Economy Capitalist Country
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