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World equilibrium and European security

  • Albert Bressand
Chapter

Abstract

International economic security, the major theme of this year’s report, cannot be divorced from strategic security. It has therefore become necessary to put economic challenges in the perspective of the overall vulnerability of each nation. To an extent all too easily overlooked by conventional economic analysis, differences in national economic responses are related to the patterns of vulnerabilities of these nations and to the framework in which their policies must be formulated.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Kenneth A. Myers, ed., NATO: The Next Thirty Years, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado and Croom Helm, London, 1980.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pierre Hassner and Michael Howard, “Social Change and the Defense of the West,” in K. Myers, ed., NATO: The Next Thirty Years, Ope cit.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pierre Hassner, “Arms Control and the Politics of Pacifism in Protestant Europe,” Working Paper no. 31 (International Security Studies Program, The Wilson Center, October 27, 1981).Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Daniel L. Bond and Herbert S. Levine, “The Eleventh Five-Year Plan, 1981–1985,” in Seweryn Bialer and Thane Gustafson, eds., The Soviet Union at the Crossroads (London: Allen and Unwin, 1982).Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Subcommittee on Priorities and Economy in Government, Hearings on the Allocation of Resources in the Soviet Union and China (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1977), p. 19; cited in Abraham S. Becker, The Burden of Soviet Defense: A Political-Economic Essay, R- 2752-AF (Santa Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation, November 1981).Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    See Gur Ofer, The Opportunity Cost of the Non-monetary Advantages of the Soviet Military R&D Effort, R-1741DDRE (Santa Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation, 1975) and The Relative Efficiency of Military Research and Development in the Soviet Union, R-2522-AF (Santa Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation, 1980): see also the opposing view in Nancy Nimitz, “Reform and Technological Innovation in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan,” in Seweryn Bialer and Thane Gustafson, eds., The Soviet Union at the Crossroads (London: Allen & Unwin, 1981).Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    See R. L. Sivard, ‘World Military and Social Expenditures,’ 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institut Français des Relations Internationales 1982

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  • Albert Bressand

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