The Pressure Peaks: The 1973 Debate

  • Phil Williams


The controversy over US troops in Europe was more intense during 1973 than in any previous year. The main reason for this was the presence in the Senate of a profound and pervasive sense of dissatisfaction or, more accurately, a combination of impatience, disappointment, resentment and frustration — with the European allies, with the continuing high levels of defence expenditure in the United States, with the centralisation of power in the Presidency and, perhaps most important, with the attitudes, actions and policies of President Nixon. Nationalism, ideology, institutional pride and partisan considerations became inextricably bound up in ways which provoked a far more serious challenge to the American military presence in Western Europe than anything which had occurred hitherto.


Foreign Policy Pressure Peak Executive Branch Military Presence Defence Budget 
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Notes and References

  1. 6.
    K. Kaiser, Europe and the United States: The Future of the Relationship (Washington: Columbia Books, 1973) p. 17.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    See A. Schlesinger Jr, The Imperial Presidency (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973) p. 235.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    L. Gelb and A. Lake, ‘Troop Levels in Europe and Budget Levels in the US’, Washington Post, 29 March 1973.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    G. F. Treverton, The ‘Dollar Drain’ and American Forces in Germany (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1978) p. 109.Google Scholar
  5. 26.
    D. Binder, ‘US Aide Firmly Opposes Cutting Troops in Europe’, New York Times, 11 July 1973.Google Scholar
  6. 51.
    A. Sehlstedt, ‘Senate Votes to Cut Troops by 40 per cent then Reverses Itself’, Baltimore Sun, 27 September 1973.Google Scholar
  7. 54.
    P. Jenkins, ‘Senate Orders 110,000 Troop Cut’, Guardian, 29 September 1973.Google Scholar
  8. 59.
    H. B. Shill III, ‘Senate Activism and Security Commitments: the Troops-to-Europe and National Commitments Resolutions’, PhD diss (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1973) p. 478.Google Scholar
  9. 63.
    J. E. Schneider, Ideological Coalitions in Congress (London: Greenwood Press, 1979) p. 65.Google Scholar
  10. 65.
    C. O. Lerche, The Uncertain South (Chicago: Quadrangle, 1964) p. 266.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Phil Williams 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phil Williams

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