Outside Military Forces in Third-World Conflicts

  • Barry M. Blechman


Assessing the utility of military power in the Third World is complicated by a number of factors: uncertain data, vague public statements of objectives and methodological shortcomings are all debilitating; most important, however, we lack a commonly understood standard by which to measure its usefulness.


Operational Objective Military Force External Power Military Operation Military Activity 
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  1. 1.
    Barry M. Blechman and Stephen S. Kaplan, Force Without War (Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1978);Google Scholar
  2. Bradford Dismukes and James McConnell (eds), Soviet Naval Diplomacy (London: Pergamon Press, 1979); andGoogle Scholar
  3. Stephen S. Kaplan, Diplomacy of Power: Soviet Armed Forces as a Political Instrument (Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1981). All three studies owe a considerable debt to the pioneering work of Alexander George. See Alexander L. George and Richard Smoke, Deterrence in American Foreign Policy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974); and Alexander L. George, David K. Hall, and William E. Simons, The Limits of Coercive Diplomacy (Boston: Little, Brown, 1971).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Cited in Pierre Lellouche and Dominique Moïsi, ‘French Policy in Africa: A Lonely Battle Against Destabilization’, International Security, vol III (Spring 1979), pp. 108–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    Diplomacy of Power, op. cit. in n. 1.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
  7. 6.
    Thomas C. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966).Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    A list of incidents in which American strategic nuclear forces have taken part since 1945 can be found in Blechman and Kaplan, Force Without War, op. cit., in n. 1. p. 48.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dismukes and McConnell, Soviet Naval Diplomacy, op. cit. in n. 1, p. 243.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ibid., p. 277.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Institute for Strategic Studies 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry M. Blechman

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