On the Tool Wear During Face Turning

  • A. S. Jhita
  • V. K. Jain
  • P. C. Pandey


A study of the wear behaviour of the tools operating under accelerated cutting conditions would be of practical value. Experimentally it has been found that tool flank wear during facing follows an exponential law (VB = a ebt) instead of three stage flank wear normally observed during conventional turning. The effect of spindle speed and feed rate on flank wear was analysed and found that wear increases as the value of these parameters is raised. Flank wear also increases with increase in shear strain acceleration. A response surface equation has been suggested that gives the effect of the parameters and their interactions on the tool flank wear.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W.BOUGLER (1951) Machinability Measurement on Constant Pressure Lathes, TheTool Engineer, P. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V.K.JAIN (1973) Facing Test for Machinability Testing, M.E Thesis, University of Roorkee, Roorkee (India).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.LORENZ (1969) The Economic Importance of Machinability Testing and Some Rapid Test Methods, Metals Australia, 1, 5, P. 176.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G.LORENZ (1958) A Rapid Machinability Test For Small Diameter Bar Stock, Annals CIRP, 16, P. 377.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.LORENZ (1963) Determination of Tool Life Exponent From Quick Facing Test, Presented in CIRP Conference held at Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.LORENZ (1966) Quick Facing Test Assists Tool Material Selection, Factory and Plant, 54, 5.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.LORENZ (1970) The Determination of Comprehensive Machinability Equations by Means of Rapid Facing Tests, Society of Manufacturing Engineers.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W.B. HEGINBOTHAM and P.C.PANDEY (1966) Taper Turning Test Produces Reliable Tool Wear Equations,Proc.7th Int. MTDR Conf.. P 515.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W.B.HEGINBOTHAM and P.C.PANDEY (1967) A Variable Rate Machining Test For Tool Life Evaluation, Proc. 8th Int. MTDR Conference, P. 163.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P.C. PANDEY (1966) Rapid Methods of Estimating The Performance of Cutting Tools, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham (U.K.)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.K.JAIN et. al. 1978 Effects of Strain Acceleration In Accelerated Machinability Tests. Proc. 8th AINTDR, IIT Bombay, p. 369.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V.K.JAIN and P.C.PANDEY (1975) Validity of Facing Test Applied to Machinability Evaluation, Inst.Engrs. (I) Pt. ME 3, 56, P. 120.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    P.N.AWASTHI (1976) Variation of Tool Temperature During Face Turning of Cast Iron, M.E. Thesis, University of Allahabad (India).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.P.SINGH (1976) Variation of Tool Temperature During Taper Turning, M.E. Thesis, University of Allahabad (India).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V.K.JAIN and P.C.PANDEY (1979) Strain Acceleration — A New Concept in Metal Cutting, Int. Journal of Engineering Production, 3, 1, P.15Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.E.MERCHANT (1945) Mechanics of Metal Cutting Process I, Journal of Applied Physics, 16, P. 267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D.C.DRUCKER (1949) An Analysis of Mechanics of Metal Cutting, Journal of Applied Physics, 20, P. 1013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    W.B. PALMER and P.L.B. OXLEY Mechanics of Orthogonal Machining, Proc. The — Institution of Mechanical Engrs. (London), 173, 24, P. 623.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. KRONENBERG (1966) Machining Science and Applications, Pergamon Press, Oxford (London).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.C.SHAW (1980), Cutting Tool, Past, Present and Future, Proc. 4th ICPE Tokyo, P. 492.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E.J.A.ARMERGO and R.H.BROWN (1965), The Machining of Metals, Prentice Hall Inc. P. 120.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.S.JHITA (1981) Investigation Into Tool Wear During Facing Test’, M.E. Thesis University of Allahabad (India).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.S.JHITA (1981) Shear Angle During Facing and Conventional Turning, M.E. Project, University of Allahabad (India).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.K.JAIN and P.C.PANDEY (1980) An Analytical Approach to the Determination of Mean Width of Primary Deformation Zone in Orthogonal Machining, Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Prod. Engg. Tokgyo 1980, P. 434 to 439.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    W.G.COCHRAN and G.M. COX (1962) Experimental Design, Asia Publishing House, New Delhi.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Jhita
    • 1
  • V. K. Jain
    • 1
  • P. C. Pandey
    • 2
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentM.N.R. Engineering CollegeAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of RoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations