The Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended in 1453. During its protracted course the English had at one time occupied south-western France, at another the northern provinces, but in the final outcome the revival of French power — traditionally associated with the inspiration of Jeanne d’Arc — deprived them of all their territories save Calais. There was, however, a third party to the conflict, the Duchy of Burgundy, whose intervention first on the English, then on the French side, had been a significant factor in the course of the war.
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